By Michael A. Amundson

"Yellowcake cities: Uranium Mining groups within the American West" presents the 1st exact research of the 4 mining and milling groups on the middle of the 20 th century uranium booms: Moab, Utah; delivers, New Mexico; Uravan, Colorado; and Jeffrey urban, Wyoming. Amundson brings those locations to lifestyles with tales of neighborhood boosters who hit on uranium as their key to financial progress. even if many boasted of latest refineries that supplied hundreds of thousands of jobs or "Atomic lodges" and "Uranium Cafes" that epitomized their good fortune, few learned the inherent difficulties of dealing with significant inhabitants swings, infrastructure concerns, creeping federal dependency, or the future health risks of underground mines and mill tailings.

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Extra resources for Yellowcake towns: uranium mining communities in the American West

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28. , 324–325, 385; Nicholas Dawidoff, The Catcher Was a Spy: The Mysterious Life of Moe Berg (New York: Vintage, 1994). 29. Quoted in A. Constadina Titus, Bombs in the Backyard: Atomic Testing and American Politics (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1986), 5. 30. F. J. Hahne, “Early Uranium Mining in the United States,” paper presented at the annual symposium of the Uranium Institute, 6–8 September 1989, London; Albrethsen and McGinley, Summary History, A-11. 31. William L. Chenoweth, “Raw Materials Activities of the Manhattan Project on the Colorado Plateau,” Four Corners Geological Society Guidebook, 10th Field Conference, Cataract Canyon, 1987, 151–154; Leslie R.

By early 1944 the Metals Reserve had become so successful at producing vanadium that all of its contracts were closed as of 28 February. 37 The change in production brought immediate changes to Uravan. The first order of business was security. Unlike the Metals Reserve, MED was a top-secret organization. To protect the secret mill, the army enclosed the area in wire fencing and constructed police gates at the town’s entrance. At first, guards were posted 24 hours a day, and no vehicle could enter the town without proper identification.

After stories began to circulate about suspected con men and crooks, the Securities Exchange Commission cracked down on brokerage houses, and the uranium market collapsed just eighteen months after it had begun. Despite its fall, the extravagance of the penny-stock market helped popularize and bankroll the domestic uranium industry. 48 Although uranium ore discoveries, popular culture, and penny-stock fortunes made big headlines, the main objective of the AEC raw materials program was to acquire uranium concentrate, or “yellowcake,” from uranium mills.

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