By Joan McCord

The individuals to this e-book think that whatever could be performed to make existence in American towns more secure, to make turning out to be up in city ghettos much less dicy, and to minimize the violence that so usually afflicts city formative years. they think about why there's lots violence, why a few humans develop into violent and others don't, and why violence is extra wide-spread in a few components. The authors additionally talk about how the city setting impacts formative years improvement. They overview numerous intervention suggestions and examine while it truly is applicable to exploit them and in the direction of whom they need to be detailed.

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Extra resources for Violence and Childhood in the Inner City

Sample text

A major thesis of the paper is that community structure matters because of its role in facilitating or inhibiting the creation of social capital among families and children. In particular, I review evidence that family management practices - especially the monitoring and supervision of youth - are closely inter­ twined with networks of community social organization. This framework leads to a renewed focus on children and their early life-course - but without the "de-contextualization " common to much research on child and adolescent development.

Streets, parks, and play areas) . There is less support for Shaw and McKay's ( 1 942) ethnic heterogeneity thesis. , Lander, 1 954) , more recent studies show that rates of violence in particular are positively related in a linear fashion to percent black in the population ( for a review, see Sampson & Lauritsen, 1 994) . Times have changed with respect to patterns of immigration and racial segregation since Shaw and McKay were studying the city, a point to which I will return. Although it is difficult to study the intervening mechanisms of social disorganization, a new generation of research has emerged in the last decade that attempts to measure directly the theory's structural dimen­ sions.

Both Bursik ( 1 988) and Sampson and Groves ( 1 989) have explicated the structural dimensions of community social organization that bear on adolescence and the control of delinquency. Salient among these factors 2 The systemic conceptualization of community addresses the early criticism that Shaw and McKay overemphasized disorganization and dysfunction. In Street Corner Society, W. F. Whyte ( 1 943) argued that what looks like social disorganization from the outside is actually an intricate internal organization.

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