By Andre Padoux

This publication is set the ability of the observe conceived because the major and most efficient point of divine power. it's the purely systematic research in English of notions in regards to the note (Vac) as those are expounded within the shaiva tantras of Kashmir and in similar texts.

Padoux first describes the Vedic origins of those notions, then their improvement in texts of alternative tantric traditions. He exhibits how diversified degrees of the be aware abide in people, how those degrees are associated with the kun, and the way they turn into articulate speech and discursive notion. He additionally describes how the universe is created out of the letters of the alphabet.

The final chapters clarify the powers of mantras as sacred ritual utterances. those powers are defined as magical in addition to spiritual, simply because they could in attaining supernatural effects in addition to bring about salvation. Their makes use of are associated with yogic psychological and physically practices.

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Additional info for Vac: The Concept of the Word in Selected Hindu Tantras

Example text

The seven prapäfhakas, finally, end with a section dealing with om and breath (section 11) which, not unexpectedly, is somewhat similar both to some speculations—which we just examined—found in Vedic Upanisads and to Tantric descriptions of the origin of the Word. According to this section the innermost or essential nature of the ether (nabhas) pervading (>(). l ; or this yoga, cf. A-Z. 27ff. <>l. l o r the uccära of the bijamantra SAUtf, cf. for instance chap. 7, p. 421. M (T. chap. 3, pp, 99-100, n.

1), Prajäpati conquers the universe by means of the three Vedas, then, afraid lest the gods steal it from him by means of the same threefold science, he decides to take the sap or essence (rasa) away from it by means of the triple utterance: bhür hhuvah svar,35 thereby creating the earth, the intermediate 32. We may mention, by the way, Winternitz's opinion about this type of speculation: "There is," he writes in this connection, "yet another kind of 'prayers,1 as we cannot help calling them, with which we meet already in the Yajurveda, and with which also, at later periods, much mischief was done .

As leaves are chanted in the course of the Vedic ritual. For the interrelation between the cosmos and the vyâhriU cf. also Tait Up. 5-6. 36. JaiUpBr. p. 89. 37. , pp. 100-101. 38. The JaiUpBr explains that aksara can be the essence by interpreting it as that which flowed out (aksarat), and also that which does not become exhausted (na ksiyate), and states that the true name of om is aksaya while akçara is a term used to keep it secret. And it further states that the ak$ara should be chanted neither "o" or "om", but om, for in this way only does this sound merge with the essence.

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