By Sondra Jones
"In 1851, Pedro Leon Lujan of latest Mexico was once arrested, attempted, and convicted within the Utah Territory for Indian slave buying and selling. for almost a hundred and fifty years, error dedicated through early historians referring to this significant criminal case were perpetuated and enlarged, clouding the incident and giving upward push to the stereotypical photograph of the villainous Mexican trader."--BOOK JACKET. "The Trial of Don Pedro Leon Lujan explores and corrects these blunders via exam of the complexities of the case and the clashing racial, cultural, and non secular ideals and biases that characterised it."--BOOK JACKET.
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Extra resources for Trial of Don Pedro Leon Lujan, Attack against Indian Slavery and the Mexican Traders in Utah
More surprising is Calhoun's appalling ignorance concerning at least one of the following: the extent of his jurisdiction, the legality of his issuing licenses to trade with Indians outside New Mexico, or the primary locations of the Ute Indians themselves. He was superintendent of Indian affairs in New Mexicobut it was Brigham Young who held authority over the Indians in Utah Territory (including the western slopes of the Rockies).
Like a slave or an English indentured servant, the Indian servant could be bought, sold, traded, or bartered during the term of servitude, or physically abused or exploited at his or her master's whim. page_34 cover Page 35 The concept of forced labor was, then, an inheritance for both the English and the Spanish Americas. Indenturing gave way to wage-earning servants as the labor pool increased in the North and black chattel slavery grew in the southern British-American colonies. But in Spanish America the concept of debt labor continued in the form of Indian slavery and debt peonage.
71 Actually, marriage by Indian servants may have been discouraged by masters since it could equate with their servants' early emancipation. Sixty percent of captives were women, but only a small percentage of them seem to have married, although men were more likely to. Women did bear children, however; in one study of the baptismal records of Indian servants' children, nearly 75 percent were illegitimate. Some of the unknown fathers were probably the women's masters; many of the others were no doubt other Indian servants or genízaros.