By Asaf Siniver

The Yom Kippur struggle was once a watershed second within the background of the Arab-Israeli clash and the trendy center East extra commonly. It marked the start of a US-led peace technique among Israel and her Arab neighbours; it brought oil international relations as a brand new technique of leverage in overseas politics; and it affected irreversibly the improvement of the eu group and the Palestinian fight for independence. additionally, the nearby order which emerged on the finish of the battle remained mostly unchallenged for almost 4 many years, till the hot wave of democratic revolutions within the Arab international. The 40th anniversary of the Yom Kippur conflict offers a well timed chance to reconsider the main subject matters that emerged in the course of the warfare and in its aftermath, and the individuals to this publication give you the first complete account of the family and overseas elements which knowledgeable the guidelines of Israel, Egypt, Syria and Jordan, in addition to exterior actors earlier than, in the course of and after the battle. as well as chapters at the superpowers, the ecu and the Palestinians, the publication additionally offers with the strategic topics of intelligence and political of the struggle on Israeli and Arab societies.

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19 THE OCTOBER 1973 WAR Mordechai Gazit, Golda Meir and the Israeli ambassador to Washington, Simcha Dinitz, have consistently argued that Sadat’s overtures were ignored because they did not represent peace initiatives at all. Gazit argues that “Sadat was not yet willing in 1971–3 to make any compromise whatsoever, insisting on every detail of the collective Arab stand. 47 Similarly, Meir blames the diplomatic failure on Egypt for refusing to reach a peace agreement with Israel,48 and Simcha Dinitz echoes this view in his 2000 contribution to Revisiting the October War.

This element of academic research has manifested itself in criticism of Israel’s political elite in general, towards singular Israeli politicians and also towards the United States. Zeev Schiff’s very early account of the war was written during a mood of uncertainty and gloom that pervaded the Israeli government and public following October 1973. 33 The use of vague terminology like “echelons” meant that Schiff’s criticisms were directed merely in the general direction of Israel’s political elite.

She was unmistakably hawkish regarding the territories, and committed to maintaining the National Unity Government. Barzilai observes that after the 1969 Israeli elections, a Labour-led government could have been formed without Gahal, but Meir opted against it. ”10 She staunchly maintained the principles that had guided Eshkol’s government: first, no return to the old international borders; second, no withdrawal without direct negotiations with the Arabs and a peace treaty. 11 In her autobiography, Meir writes that “‘intransigent’ was to become my middle name.

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