By Charles S. Chihara

A robust problem to a couple hugely influential theories, this booklet bargains a thorough serious exposition of modal realism, the philosophical doctrine that many attainable worlds exist of which our personal universe is only one. Chihara demanding situations this declare and provides a brand new argument for modality with no worlds.

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It is always this inquiry into the fundamental possibilities of sense and nonsense that is of concern to Wittgenstein in the Tractatus, and it is this that will represent our concern as well. II We can now begin to reflect in more detail on the fact/thing distinction with which the text begins. Wittgenstein, in a later conversation with Desmond Lee, offers this interpretation of the Tractatus’ opening remarks: “The world does not consist of a catalogue of things and facts about them (like a catalogue of a show).

The legitimacy of our own particular approach can then only be established – or fail to be established – in a wholesale manner, through its ability to deal with the details of the text in a compelling manner, to render the whole coherent. That, of course, is not to claim that such an ability functions as a criterion of our interpretation’s adequacy. ) Rather, I am simply saying that, in the end, our interpretation, like any textual interpretation, must wear its persuasiveness on its face. The other objections must be met more forcefully.

0131) Indeed, when we reflect on our own interpretation of the opening passages, we note how it also has been bound up with linguistic notions – how the notions of fact, object, and atomic fact have been explicated only through talk of propositions and names. This intertwining of the putatively independent notions of language and world would thus seem to be intrinsic to the Tractatus’ understanding of the logical perspective. And this suggests that rather than marking a sudden shift in the direction of the text, the account of the picture is really only a deepening, a clarification of the same inquiry that is initiated at the start.

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