By Toke Lindegaard Knudsen

A treasure for a person drawn to early smooth India and the heritage of arithmetic, this primary English translation of the Siddhāntasundara finds the interesting paintings of the scholar-astronomer Jñānarāja (circa 1500 C.E.). Toke Lindegaard Knudsen starts off with an advent to the traditions of historic Hindu astronomy and describes what's identified of Jñānarāja’s lifestyles and kin. He interprets the Sanskrit verses into English and provides specialist remark at the variety and substance of Jñānarāja's treatise.

The Siddhāntasundara features a complete exposition of the approach of Indian astronomy, together with find out how to compute planetary positions and eclipses. It additionally explores deep, probing questions about the workings of the universe and sacred Hindu traditions. In a philosophical dialogue, the treatise seeks a synthesis among the cosmological version utilized by the Indian astronomical culture and the cosmology of a category of texts sacred in Hinduism. In his discourse, which incorporates a dialogue of the course of down and adhesive antipodeans, Jñānarāja rejects sure ideas from the astronomical culture and reinterprets ideas from the sacred texts. He additionally constructs a posh poem at the seasons, many verses of that have layers of that means, one describing a season, the opposite a god's actions in that season.

The Siddhāntasundarais the final significant treatise of Indian astronomy and cosmology to obtain critical scholarly cognizance, Knudsen’s cautious attempt unveils the 500-year-old Sanskrit verses and exhibits the shrewdpermanent quirkiness of Jñānarāja's writing kind, his willing use of arithmetic, and his sophisticated philosophical arguments.

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Extra info for The Siddhāntasundara of Jñānarāja: An English Translation with Commentary

Sample text

Asiddh¯ anta 52 and Bh¯ askara II’s Siddh¯ anta´siroman. i . ¯ 2. a 53 was founded by Aryabhat . a, one of the most famous astronomers in Indian history, and its main 54 ¯ ¯ ahmapaks. ¯ıya. a credits Brahm¯ a with a revelation of astronomy. aryapaks. a founded by 3. The ¯ ardhar¯ atrikapaks. a, but its founding text is now lost. The name of the school is derived from its use of a midnight (ardhar¯ atra) epoch. 4. a 56 is based on a S¯ uryasiddh¯ anta from the late eight or early ninth century ce.

Udharmottarapur¯ an. a. a, see Pingree 1978a, 555–589. 259–260. a are Brahmagupta’s Br¯ ahmasphut. asiddh¯ anta 52 and Bh¯ askara II’s Siddh¯ anta´siroman. i . ¯ 2. a 53 was founded by Aryabhat . a, one of the most famous astronomers in Indian history, and its main 54 ¯ ¯ ahmapaks. ¯ıya. a credits Brahm¯ a with a revelation of astronomy. aryapaks. a founded by 3. The ¯ ardhar¯ atrikapaks. a, but its founding text is now lost. The name of the school is derived from its use of a midnight (ardhar¯ atra) epoch.

It¯ adhy¯ aya—the Chapter on Mathematics. The b¯ıjagan adhy¯ aya . it¯ As has already been noted, in manuscript catalogues or other modern works, two works are generally attributed to J˜ n¯anar¯aja: 1. the Siddh¯ antasundara; and 2. a work of mathematics called the B¯ıj¯ adhy¯ aya. There is a somewhat ambiguous relationship between the Siddh¯ antasundara and this mathematical work, and it is not clear from the modern sources whether the mathematical work is a part of the Siddh¯ antasundara, or whether it is an independent work.

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