By R. K. Narayan

The maximum Indian epic, one of many world's ideal masterpieces of storytelling

A sweeping story of abduction, conflict, and courtship performed out in a universe of deities and demons, The Ramayana is favourite to nearly each Indian. even though the Sanskrit unique was once composed by way of Valmiki round the fourth century BC, poets have produced numerous types in several languages. right here, drawing at the paintings of an eleventh-century poet known as Kamban, Narayan employs the talents of a grasp novelist to re-create the thrill he present in the unique. A luminous saga made available to new generations of readers, The Ramayana will be loved for its non secular knowledge, or as an exhilarating story of historical conflict.

For greater than seventy years, Penguin has been the prime writer of vintage literature within the English-speaking global. With greater than 1,700 titles, Penguin Classics represents a world bookshelf of the simplest works all through background and throughout genres and disciplines. Readers belief the series to supply authoritative texts superior via introductions and notes through extraordinary students and modern authors, in addition to up-to-date translations by way of award-winning translators.

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Extra resources for The Ramayana: A Shortened Modern Prose Version of the Indian Epic

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Thus, according to Upaniṣadic definitions, brahman admits of no distinctions or divisions (‘One without a second’); is both being (One) and knowing (intelligence) and is identical with the self, in both the objective sense (‘This brahman is the self’) and the subjective sense (‘I am brahman’). , brahman, is what we are. ’ In the master–student dialogues of the Upaniṣads this question is addressed in many different contexts, but, from the Advaita perspective, always with the conclusion that liberation is the realization of the identity of self (ātman) and reality (brahman).

The point seems to hinge on what we take as real and what we take as appearance. Gauḍapāda illustrates this point when he asserts that there is no real conflict between dualists and non-dualists, it is merely a matter of correct recognition of the ‘real’: Although dualists may think that they disagree with us, there is no real conflict; we both admit duality, but we, unlike them, hold that duality is confined to the realm of appearances and is not found in reality. (GK III, 17–18; summarized in Potter, 1981, p.

Ultimate Reality]? [R]: Without knowing the Self why do you seek to know Brahman? [S]: The sastras [scriptures] say Brahman pervades all and me too. [R]: Find the ‘I’ in me and then there will be no time to think of Brahman. [S]: Why was I born? [R]: Who was born? The answer is the same for all of your questions. [S]: Who am I then? [R]: (smiling) Have you come to examine me and ask me? You must say who you are. (Maharshi, 1984, pp. ’ What is not known? Who is the ‘I’? Here, a tension is produced by the injunction ‘Find out’ which can trigger a round of circular reasoning along the lines of: How can I not know who I am and when I look, why can’t I immediately find out?

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