By Arnold P. Goldstein

In The Psychology of Vandalism, Arnold P. Goldstein completely examines the prestige, causation, prevention, and remediation of vandalistic habit. Goldstein offers vandal- and environment-oriented reasons and interventions. He comprises 169 strategies to minimize vandalism in addition to methods for choosing and mixing those strategies into courses. a range of exemplary learn reviews review varied vandalism interventions. This reference will gain graduate scholars, practitioners, and lecturers in medical, social, and environmental psychology in addition to criminology.

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Intentional hostile behavior aimed at damaging environmental objects (Feshbach, 1964). , 1992). • An intentional act aimed at damaging or destroying an object that is another's property (Moser, 1992). • A willful act of physical damage that lowers the aesthetic or economic value of an object or area (Harrison, 1976). , 1992). • All forms of property destruction, deliberate or not (Baughman, 1971). • Any destructive behavior ranging from littering to arson (Ducey, 1976). • The willful or malicious destruction, injury, disfigurement, or defacement of property without the consent of the owner or person having custody or control by cutting, tearing, breaking, marking, 20 CHAPTER 2 Vandalism of city trees is probably as old as the first public park.

Vandalism of these three types may, in tum, be perpetrated by three types of vandal according to Martin (1961). The disturbed vandal engages in destructive behavior as but one manifestation of more encompassing emotional problems. The law-abiding vandal enacts so-called incidental vandalism in response to (temporary) anger or need to retaliate. Finally, the subcultural vandal performs vandalism as part of a formal gang or delinquent youth group activity. Weinmayr's (1969) core belief regarding the roots of vandalism is that its sources reside not in the vandal himself or herself, but in the nature and quality of the buildings, park equipment, public facilities, and other targets of vandalism.

Site visibility, in terms of the obviousness of physical features. 3. Site type, such as a village site with remains of houses versus a quarry and tool manufacturing site where only stone artifacts are present. 4. Types of artifacts present, for example, sites with decorated and undecorated pottery as opposed to those with only undecorated ceramics. 5. Types of features present, including items such as houses, storage facilities, ceremonial structures, and graves or burials. 6. Site accessibility, for example, distance to trails, roads, private property, and towns.

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