By Bernard Hamilton

The reign of King Baldwin IV of Jerusalem (1174–85) has frequently been noticeable as a interval of decline while, due to the king's affliction, energy got here to be held by means of flawed males who made the inaccurate coverage judgements. significantly, they neglected the recommendation of Raymond of Tripoli and attacked Saladin, who used to be ready to maintain peace with the Franks whereas uniting the Islamic close to east lower than his rule. This booklet demanding situations that view, arguing that peace with Saladin was once now not a practicable alternative for the Franks; that the younger king, regardless of struggling with lepromatous leprosy (the most dangerous type of the illness) used to be a superb conflict chief who strove with a few good fortune to frustrate Saladin's imperial objectives; that Baldwin needed to stay king to be able to carry factions in money; yet that the society over which he presided was once, opposite to what's usually stated, energetic and self-confident.

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442. Dauvillier, Le mariage, p. 31. , p. 195. -E. Mayer, `The beginnings of King Amalric of Jerusalem', in HH, pp. 121 ±35. Ernoul, pp. 59 and 82; see below pp. 96 ±8. See p. 9 above. 19 Nevertheless, it remains true that the members of the High Court in 1163 were hostile to the Courtenays of Edessa because they had rank but no land, and felt threatened by the prospect of the in¯uence and patronage which Agnes would exercise if she were allowed to become queen. Amalric had no option, if he wanted the crown, but to defer to the wishes of the High Court.

Hilmy M. Ahmad, `Some notes on Arabic historiography during the Zengid and Ayyubid periods (521/1127 ±648/1250)', in Lewis and Holt, Historians, pp. 90 ± 4; C. Cahen, La Syrie du nord aÁ l'eÂpoque des croisades et la principaute franque d'Antioche (Paris, 1940), pp. 55 ± 7. 18 The leper king and his heirs they were composed. Although many of them are cited by other historians, such as Abu Shama, they usually only give extracts. Sir Hamilton Gibb drew attention in 1958 to the need for al-Fadil's correspondence to be collected and edited,41 but it was not until the appearance of Malcolm Lyons's and David Jackson's Saladin.

Beatrice is never mentioned as present in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, while Agnes and Joscelin are not recorded as living there until after Agnes's marriage in 1157; Hamilton, `Titular nobility', p. 197. WT, XIX, 4, p. 869; Lignages, c. ii, RHC Lois II, p. 442. Dauvillier, Le mariage, p. 31. , p. 195. -E. Mayer, `The beginnings of King Amalric of Jerusalem', in HH, pp. 121 ±35. Ernoul, pp. 59 and 82; see below pp. 96 ±8. See p. 9 above. 19 Nevertheless, it remains true that the members of the High Court in 1163 were hostile to the Courtenays of Edessa because they had rank but no land, and felt threatened by the prospect of the in¯uence and patronage which Agnes would exercise if she were allowed to become queen.

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