By John Laffin
Israel assumes prematurely that defeat in battle ability an finish to the Jewish state, and it wages warfare for that reason. This truth affects the Israeli method of its military and to the tactic, strategies, education and behavior of warfare. Surrounded via antagonistic international locations, Israel has fought six successful wars among 1948 and 1973. For a strength which all started as an abnormal, impoverished and improvised workforce, it is a bold list. sponsored by way of lots of photos and 8 complete web page color plates, this tremendous textual content examines the six wars fought among 1948–73, together with the extreme Israeli victory of 1967.
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Chapter I. Eastern Galicia and Vienna: Hashomer, Tse’irei Tsiyon, and… now this neutrality was perceived by the Poles as treason, which led to unprecedented incitement of the Polish population against the Jews by local political leaders. 16 Many Jews were not so prescient. As the Poles declared their victory and Lwów celebrated, many Jews wholeheartedly joined in the festivities. The very next day, Polish army units marched into the city, looting and vandalizing Jewish property. They murdered seventy-eight Jews in Lwów alone, and injured hundreds more.
In doing so they revealed sharp differences in style: the Poles, who felt superior to the Jews and gave little thought to assimilating them into Polish society, took their support for granted, and refused to recognize any Jewish claims to national identity or cultural autonomy. 14 The Ukrainians of Eastern Galicia, on the other hand, seeing themselves as a disadvantaged group, were willing to negotiate with the Jews as equals, on the condition of winning Jewish support for their national aspirations.
31 Chapter I. ”91 Since the emancipation in 1867, many Viennese Jews wished to assimilate. 92 These assimilation efforts encountered a fierce clerical opposition, originating with the Catholic church, moving into the political realm, then turning to outright racism. Hatred for the Jews and for Judaism mounted and became an effective tool in gaining political power. 93 As pointed out by Marsha Rozenblit, one must not judge the rate of assimilation of Viennese Jews according to the extraordinary experiences of famous intellectual giants such as Sigmund Freud, Arthur Schnitzler, or Gustav Mahler.