By Arrell Morgan Gibson, Victor Emmanuel Harlow

Oklahoma’s earlier unfolds from the prehistoric residency of Clovis guy and Folsom guy and the Spanish and French explorations within the early old interval in the course of the elimination of many tribes to Indian Territory, the Civil battle interval, and the development of the Territory towards statehood. during this ebook for younger readers, Gibson writes with clean candor. Betrayal of the Indians, racism, and political corruption are in truth instructed. whilst, the achievements of the nation and its everyone is similar with delight because the tale advances during the early years of statehood and the hardships of beginning pioneer farms, development new cities, and dealing with drought, the nice melancholy, international wars, and the early oil increase.

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Many archaeologists and prehistorians believe that the Spiro culture had vanished by the time European explorers entered the region in 1541. Other writers, however, suggest that warfare with the Plains Indians brought an end to the Spiro community. D. 1200 to 1500 that the human setting was created for the discovery of Oklahoma by the Europeans. Oklahoma Indian Tribes We know quite a lot about the Indian tribes of Oklahoma as a result of research on the Indian tribes of North America that has been carried out by archaeologists, historians, and anthropologists.

Just as they did so, Spanish troops under Don Francisco Viana from the fort at Nacogdoches burst from the woods on the Texas side of the river. The Spanish commander charged that the Americans were trespassing on Spanish territory, and he offered Sparks a choice of turning back to the American settlements or of being arrested and jailed at Nacogdoches. Faced with superior numbers, Captain Sparks ordered his men to go to Natchitoches. Although the Red River expedition failed to trace the river to its source, it is remembered because Captain Sparks was the first official representative from the United States to visit Oklahoma.

Oklahoma's northern boundary is the 37th parallel; its extreme southern point touches 33° 35' (minutes) latitude. Most of the state's western boundary is the 100th meridian, but its far western boundary, at the end of the long, narrow strip of territory called the Panhandle, is 103° longitude. Oklahoma's extreme eastern line is 94° 29' (minutes) longitude. Among the states of the Union, Oklahoma ranks eighteenth in size. It is larger than the six New England states combined. It is also larger than any single state east of the Mississippi River.

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