By Deepak Lal

India is an rising large. This publication explains its lengthy financial stagnation and up to date upward thrust via interpreting its social, political and historic evolution in long-term standpoint. It explains how its specified social method in keeping with caste arose and why it nonetheless is of value in its political and social preparations, regardless of India's contemporary stream from the plan to marketplace.

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Additional resources for The Hindu Equilibrium: India, c.1500 B.C. - 2000 A.D.

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The subsequent climatic changes left the world's-and India's-geography and climate much as it is today. The major change in India as elsewhere must have been a reduction in the 'good land' of savannah and grassland. In India this meant that the western dry zone, which had been moist and had supported savannah, became arid and turned into the Thar desert that we know today. 2. The Emergence �f Pastora l ism and Ag ricu ltu re The end of the ice age diminished the new environment's capacity for car­ rying hunter-gatherer populations.

In India this meant that the western dry zone, which had been moist and had supported savannah, became arid and turned into the Thar desert that we know today. 2. The Emergence �f Pastora l ism and Ag ricu ltu re The end of the ice age diminished the new environment's capacity for car­ rying hunter-gatherer populations. The human animal, in India as else­ where adapted by changing its habitual behaviour. It was aided by the unique human ability to adapt to a new environment, and by a genetic­ ally determined digestive system which allows it to feed on a variety of foodstuffs.

It was an event completely without precedent in the history of life on earth. And its consequence was a change in the density of human populations:2 When man was a hunter-gatherer, like all carnivores he had to rely on a very inefficient method of obtaining food calories down a long food chain. Plants obtain their energy from the sun, herbivorous animals from plants, and carnivores from eating herbivores. At each stage there is a loss in efficiency in terms of the energy transferred. 3 As in the Indian subcontinent groups of hunter-gatherers, pastoral nomads, shifting cultivators, and settled agriculturalists have survived to this day, it must be assumed that there were large local variations in the adaptations of man in India to the ending of the ice age.

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