By S. Gunther
A heritage of French homosexuals considering the fact that 1942 within the interconnected nation-states of legislation, politics and the media, with a spotlight at the advanced dating among French republican values and the probabilities they've got provided for switch in every one of those 3 spheres.
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Additional info for The Elastic Closet: A History of Homosexuality in France, 1942-present
It was widely accepted, for example, that the principal way by which one became homosexual was through contamination during the vulnerable years of adolescence. In all these documents, the descriptions of the young male prostitutes confirmed this by maintaining that before being contaminated by homosexuality, these young men were driven to have sex with other men purely out of financial desperation, and that they tried to maintain their virility by always performing the role of the insertive partner.
And in 1895, Doctor Paul Garnier published a study that focused solely on the case of fetishist homosexuals, and in particular, the fetish for polished leather boots, which stated this thesis quite clearly. In the general conclusion to his study, Garnier explains that “the moral troubles resulting from such obsessions is such that they remove one’s capacity for selfcontrol. ”67 Though the majority of these medial studies were concerned with male homosexuality, nineteenth-century sexologists did not ignore lesbians.
If we consider an intellectual, a poet or a genius abnormal, I would accept that the homosexual is an abnormal being ... But through some strangeness of nature, these are the same beings who are inclined toward homosexuality. ”73 Articles legitimized homosexuality also through references to classic antiquity and to more contemporary writers such as Oscar Wilde, André Gide, or Walt Whitman. Despite the fact that the editors were not themselves men of letters and that none of the more famous homosexuals writers of the period ever contributed to the journal, writers maintained a seemingly forced tone of cultivated civility and simulated erudition.