By Gomes Eanes de Zurara

The courses of the Hakluyt Society (founded in 1846) made to be had edited (and occasionally translated) early bills of exploration. the 1st sequence, which ran from 1847 to 1899, contains a hundred books containing released or formerly unpublished works by way of authors from Christopher Columbus to Sir Francis Drake, and overlaying voyages to the hot international, to China and Japan, to Russia and to Africa and India. Gomes Eanes de Zurara (c.1410-1474) used to be a Portuguese author appointed to chronicle the lifetime of Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) and the expeditions he subsidized. Zurara's chronicle of the invention of Guinea seemed during this two-volume English translation in 1896-1899. The editors' preface contains an account of the voyages of exploration alongside the African coast backed by means of Prince Henry till 1448, including biographical information regarding the writer. quantity 2 comprises chapters 41-97 of the Chronicle.

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4 According to Cadamosto's account, De Sintra had gone a good deal further. XXX INTRODUCTION. Isle of St. Anne, afterwards Ilha do Principe, both close to the Equator on the open side of the Bight of Biafra. Another voyage seems to have been made, under Gomez' auspices, in 1471. Fernando Po now reached the island in the angle of the Central African coast which is still called after him ; and men began to find that the Eastern bend of the continent, which had been followed since 1445-6 with some hope of a direct approach to Asia, now took a sharp turn to the South.

Gomez makes no reference to any previous visit or claim of a prior discovery of these islands, but that is natural enough. Was such a previous visit made ? Around this point, and the consequent prior claim of the Venetian, a long controversy has been waged, which is briefly discussed in the section of this Introduction on the " Atlantic Islands" (especially pp. xcii-xcvi). The second voyage of Diego Gomez was probably among the last ventures of which the Prince received any account. He must have died soon after the second return of the explorer, who seems to have attended him in his last illness (13th November, 1460).

2 XXVI INTRODUCTION. Africa than any Christian writing of the time. Finally, he is more reliable than many subsequent and more pretentious travellers, and his narrative is as picturesque and effective as it is reliable. " The explorer passed a "great river beyond the Rio Grande," when strong currents in the sea alarmed him and caused him to put back. Like Cadamosto, however, he trafficked and conversed with the natives, especially of the Gambia, and gained some useful information about their trade, politics, and geography.

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