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Extra info for The Bible And the Dead Sea Scrolls (Archaeology and Biblical Studies)
They devoted their property to the Community when joining it, so that possessions were shared among members. 16–25). The ostracon discovered at Qumran in 1996 may well preserve evidence of these practices. It is no small coincidence that the main Qumran cemetery preserves no burial that is distinguished from the others by signs of conspicuous wealth. who lived at qumran and what was their story? 39 Purity Josephus’s description accentuates the strict purity of the Essenes. 147–149); and they observed “a diﬀerent ritual of puriﬁcation” than other Jews (Ant.
First of all, de Vaux was able to identify at Qumran remains of the same kind of pottery that had been found in the caves. Not unlike a forensic detective using DNA evidence to connect the suspect with the crime scene, de Vaux had used pottery fragments to link Qumran with the caves and their precious contents. The cylindrical style of pottery found at Qumran and in the caves, in fact, is rare among other specimens of pottery from this era. It was de Vaux’s opinion that such cylindrical vessels were even manufactured in pottery kilns excavated in the eastern portion of Qumran (Loci 64–66, 84).
The participation of these priests, scribes, and devout ones in the resistance is important for understanding the prehistory of the Qumran group, since its earliest members may originally have derived from some of these very parties. Alongside these groups and many from among the peasantry, Mattathias instigated a swift and eﬀective guerilla revolt against Antiochus and the Hellenizing party. After his death, his son Judas Maccabeus (“the hammer”) would complete his work. Judas Maccabeus won a series of unlikely battles against the generals of Antiochus.