By Jorge J. E. Gracia

This ebook completes the speculation of textuality whose logical and epistemological dimensions have been awarded in Gracia's booklet, A thought of Textuality: The common sense and Epistemology (SUNY Press). It presents an ontological characterization of texts in step with the perception of texts defended within the prior ebook; it explores the problems raised by means of the identification of varied texts; and it provides a view of the identification and serve as of authors and audiences and in their family to texts. The dialogue is systematic, entire, and exact. Gracia increases the entire vital concerns concerning texts in the components he explores and takes into consideration the pertinent literature. the fashion is argumentative and transparent, and the placement Gracia defends relies on good judgment. He remains away from the intense perspectives a few modern authors have considering admire to texts and textuality.
This is the single publication of its type. it's the first to boost a accomplished concept and to undertake an integrative method the place the problems and their strategies are noticeable as heavily hooked up.

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Additional info for Texts: Ontological Status, Identity, Author, Audience

Example text

This smell is certainly used as a sign of the presence of gas, but this sort of case is not very common and applies only to signs and not to texts.  And the same could be said about taste and food.  And this does not apply to smells.  For this reason we must look for the explanation elsewhere.  It is certainly possible to combine tastes and smells and to arrange them in such ways that meaning would be conveyed as long as one were aware of the meaning of the tastes and smells in question.  In Mediterranean cultures, for example, it is customary to accompany certain words and expressions with particular movements of the body to convey specific meanings.

For example, the very text I am putting down on paper at this moment appears to be related to the paper as a feature or set of features of it, for it is composed of black marks that characterize the paper in a certain way.  For the marks can be considered to be dried patches of ink stuck to the paper in the way a piece of gum is stuck to the underside of a chair, and so they would appear to be, like the gum, substances rather than features.  Whether what they mark is a sheet of paper or not is irrelevant; what is pertinent is that marks have no independent existence apart from other things.

Just as an author thinks of the universal meaning through the individual acts of understanding in the author's mind, so any member of the audience with access to the individual ECTs may also understand the universal meaning of a text.  The universal text, by contrast, is constituted by universal ECTs, but its meaning is the same as that of the individual text.  It follows, then, that universal texts in a sense depend on individual texts; for in individual texts, individual ECTs are in fact tied to meaning through the intention and design of an author.

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