By David B. Audretsch, Erik E. Lehmann, Albert N. Link, Alexander Starnecker
Technology transfer—the technique of sharing and disseminating wisdom, talents, medical discoveries, construction equipment, and different concepts between universities, executive firms, inner most businesses, and different institutions—is one of many significant demanding situations of societies working within the worldwide economic climate. This quantity deals cutting-edge insights at the dynamics of know-how move, rising from the yearly assembly of the expertise move Society in 2011 in Augsburg, Germany. It showcases theoretical and empirical analyses from contributors around the know-how move spectrum, representing educational, academic, policymaking, and advertisement views. the quantity beneficial properties case reports of industries and associations in Europe, the us, and Australasia, explored via a number of methodological ways, and supplying specific contributions to our figuring out of ways and why know-how move is formed and suffering from diversified institutional settings, with implications for coverage and company determination making.
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2 We limit the time frame (“activity window”) for both publications and patents to the period from 1994 to 1999. D. had been gathered from the German National Library, and his academic experience was calculated (EXPER). To test for any nonlinear life-cycle effect (Levin and Stephan 1991), the squared value (EXPER2) is included. For differences in the size of the different institutions is controlled for by including the (logged) total number of students (UNI_SIZE). Larger universities may, for instance, be more visible to funding agencies and to industry and thus attract relatively more third-party funding.
Heath and Company, Lexington Siegel D, Waldman D, Link A (2003) Assessing the impact of organizational practices on the relative productivity of university technology transfer offices: an exploratory study. Res Policy 32(1):27–48 Takalo T, Tanayama T (2010) Adverse selection and financing of innovation: is there a need for R&D subsidies? J Technol Trans 35(1):16–41 Todt O, Gutiérrez Gracia A, Fernández de Lucio I, Castro Martínez E (2007) The regional dimension of innovation and the globalization of science: the case of biotechnology in a peripheral region of the European Union.
Or do they seek access to rather applied research that provides knowledge that is closer to applicable technology and thus closer to marketable innovations? Previous studies did shed some light on the question which fields of science were particularly interesting for certain industries and on the importance of geographical proximity and faculty quality for getting funded by industry (Mansfield 1995; Mansfield and Lee 1996). At the university level, Ljungberg (2008) finds that mainly larger and highly specialized universities in Sweden attract most industry funding relative to their size.