By Maurice Stewart
The newest version of this best-selling identify is up-to-date and elevated for less complicated use by way of engineers. New to this variation is a piece at the basics of floor creation operations taking on themes from the oilfield as initially deliberate through the authors within the first version. this data is important and endemic to construction and approach engineers. Now, the publication deals a very entire photograph of floor construction operations, from the construction level to the method degree with functions to strategy and creation engineers. ?· New in-depth insurance of hydrocarbon features, the several varieties of reservoirs, and impurities in crude.?· functional feedback aid readers comprehend the artwork and technological know-how of dealing with produced liquids.?· a variety of, easy-to-read figures, charts, tables, and images truly clarify the right way to layout, specify, and function oilfield floor creation amenities.
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Extra resources for Surface Production Operations, Volume 1, Third Edition: Design of Oil Handling Systems and Facilities
A corrugated plate interceptor (CPI) used for treating water. Note that the top plates are removable so that maintenance can be performed on the plates located internally to the unit. 8 Surface Production Operations Figure 1-12. A horizontal skimmer vessel for primary separation of oil from water with a gas ﬂotation unit for secondary treatment located in the foreground. Treated water from the ﬂotation efﬂuent is recycled by the pump to each of the three cells. Gas is sucked into the stream from the gas space on top of the water by a venture and dispersed in the water by a nozzle.
Figure 2-1 is a typical flowsheet that will be used as an example for discussion purposes. Another name for a process flowsheet is a process flow diagram (PFD). Regardless what it is called, either a flowsheet or a diagram, the information contained on both is the same. Figure 2-2 defines many of the commonly used symbols in process flowsheets. Controlling the Process Before discussing the process itself, it is necessary to understand how the process is controlled. Operation of a Control Valve Control valves are used throughout the process to control pressure, level, temperature, or flow.
A level control valve with bypass. The signal from the controller causes the diaphragm of the actuator and thus the valve stem to move. Figure 1-29. Two level-balanced liquid control valves. The position of the weight on the valve lever determines the amount of ﬂuid column upstream of the valve necessary to force the valve to open. 18 Surface Production Operations Facility Types It is very difficult to classify production facilities by type, because they differ due to production rates, fluid properties, sale and disposal requirements, location, and operator preference.