By Maurice Stewart
The most recent variation of this best-selling name is up-to-date and accelerated for simpler use through engineers. New to this variation is a bit at the basics of floor construction operations taking on issues from the oilfield as initially deliberate through the authors within the first variation. this data is critical and endemic to creation and strategy engineers. Now, the e-book bargains a very entire photograph of floor construction operations, from the creation degree to the method degree with purposes to procedure and construction engineers.
· New in-depth assurance of hydrocarbon features, different varieties of reservoirs, and impurities in crude.
· useful feedback aid readers comprehend the artwork and technology of dealing with produced liquids.
· a number of, easy-to-read figures, charts, tables, and pictures sincerely clarify the way to layout, specify, and function oilfield floor creation amenities.
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Extra resources for Surface production operations. / Volume 1, Design of oil handling systems and facilities
In shallow water, facilities can be installed on several different platforms connected by bridges (see Figure 1-36). In deeper water it may be necessary to install all the facilities and the wells on the same platform, as in Figure 1-37. Sometimes, in cold weather areas, the facilities must be enclosed as shown in Figure 1-38. Facilities have been installed on semi-submersible floating structures, tension leg platforms, tankers (see Figure 1-39) and converted jack-up drilling rigs (see Figure 1-40).
This would normally be the case for most liquid control valves. If it is desirable for the valve to fail to open, as in many pressure control situations, then the spring must cause the stem to move in the fully open direction. Pressure Control The hydrocarbon fluid produced from a well is made up of many components ranging from methane, the lightest and most gaseous hydrocarbon, to some very heavy and complex hydrocarbon compounds. Because of this, whenever there is a drop in fluid pressure, gas is liberated.
Stock Tank Figure 2-7. Stage separation. separator are flashed again at the stock tank. Traditionally, the stock tank is not normally considered a separate stage of separation, though it most assuredly is. Figure 2-7 shows a three-stage separation process. The liquid is first flashed at an initial pressure and then flashed at successively lower pressures two times before entering the stock tank. Because of the multicomponent nature of the produced fluid, it can be shown by flash calculations that the more stages of separation after the initial separation, the more light components will be stabilized into the liquid phase.