By Ken Arnold; Maurice Stewart
This revised variation places the most up-tp-date information regarding gas-handling structures and amenities at your fingertips. The authors channeled their lecture room and box event into this quantity, which good points many new sections comparable to: * warmth restoration devices * Kinetic inhibitors and anti-agglomerators * Trays and packing for distillation and absorption towers * Compressor valves * starting place layout concerns for reciprocating compressors * strain vessel concerns and parts * Nox aid in engines and generators * defense administration structures This ebook walks you thru the gear and procedures utilized in gas-handling operations that can assist you layout and deal with a construction facility. construction engineers will retain this quantity at the computer for the most recent info on the best way to layout, SPECIFY, and function gas-handling structures and amenities. The ebook permits engineers with little or heritage in construction facility layout to simply find information about apparatus, techniques, and layout parameters. With this quantity, you'll extra thoroughly understand the recommendations of dealing with produced fluids from fuel wells so your facility could be extra effective and efficient. * Revised version places the most up-tp-date information regarding gas-handling structures at your fingertips * good points fresh sections! Read more...
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Thus, by keeping the lighter molecules in the feed to the stock tank we manage to capture a small amount of them as liquids, but we lose to the gas phase many more of the intermediate range molecules. That is why beyond some optimum point there is actually a decrease in stock tank liquids by increasing the separator operating pressure. Stage Separation Figure 2-5 deals with a simple single-stage process. That is, the fluids are flashed in an initial separator and then the liquids from that separator are flashed again at the stock tank.
Figure 1-31. An onshore central facility with a large horizontal free water knockout, and a horizontal heater treater. Figure 1 -32. A marsh facility where the equipment is elevated on concrete platforms. Note the two large vertical separators in the distance, the row of nine vertical heater treaters, anathe elevated quarters building. The Production Facility 21 Figure 1 -33. In cold weather areas it is sometimes necessary to insulate the vessels and pipe and house all controls in a building attached to the vessel.
Under such conditions the pressure will rise to a point that could overload the rods on a reciprocating compressor. The two basic types of compressors used in production facilities are reciprocating and centrifugal. Reciprocating compressors compress the gas with a piston moving linearly in a cylinder. Because of this, the flow is not steady, and care must be taken to control vibrations. Centrifugal compressors use high-speed rotating wheels to create a gas velocity that is converted into pressure by stators.