By I. Angelelli

I desire to show, to start with, my profound gratitude to Professor J. M. Bochenski, with no whose advice the current paintings could haven't been attainable. To be concise, i need to country that his contribution to this e-book can be seen at 3 degrees: (1) that of the overall spirit, (2) that of the categorical principles, theses or methods that are expressed in its pages, (3) that of this paintings qua doctoral dissertation. the overall spirit which has guided my learn coincides with that underlying Professor: Oochenski's personal works, particularly his Formale Logik (Munchen 1956). in addition, the actual social gathering which steered my research used to be a press release incorporated in that booklet in response to which the literature within the box nonetheless lacked a close paintings on Frege (p. 317). I want, likewise, to specific my gratitude to different professors of the collage of Fribourg for his or her beneficiant support. I point out specially Professors P. Wyser, M. D. Philippe, N. Luyten, and V. Kuiper. i've got additionally benefited from Professor E. Specker's lectures on the Eidge nossische Technische Hochschule (ZUrich) and from Professor Olof Gigon's lectures on the collage of Bern. From an precedent days I desire to convey my gratitude to the professors of the philosophy division of the Universidad Nacional de Buenos Aires, specifically the past due Professor Francisco Romero. The Swiss nationwide Library (Bern) has vastly facilitated entry to bibliographical resources, and the library of the collage of Munster (Westphalien) has kindly supplied microfilms of Frege's Nachlap.

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I, p. 685. Also Boethius [1]. We find the square in such important editions as Averroes [1] and Pacius [3]. Ioannes a Sto. Thoma [l], p. " Fernandez-Garcia [l]: distinctio ens-res. It is interesting to consider also the following earlier text: "Thus the word 'thing' may admit of a wider extension, whereby it may apply to universals, even though Aristotle says that the latter are to be understood as abstracted from particular things in such a way that they would have no existence in the absence of the aforesaid" (John of Salisbury [1], p.

Also Van Auben [1], 399-400. 33. This is not clear in the basic text (la, 20-lb, 10) but it is obvious in 2b, 1-3. "Tam primae quam secundae substantiae subiiciuntur accidentibus", says Pacius [2]. cap. 3, n. 3. This is a fundamental point in traditional ontology whose effects on traditional logic may be easily foreseen. If properties (accidents) inhere in man as well as in this man, one may presume that they will also be said of man as well as of this man. Do individual accidents inhere also in universal substances?

428). If Frege speaks here of "logical" relations he is merely the victim of a situation he himself helped to destroy (cf. Chapters 5 and 7). For "ontology" in modern philosophy, let us consider the following text of Baumgarten: "Ontologia [= die Grundwissenschaft, says the author in a footnote] (ontosophia, metaphysica, metaphysica universalis, architectonica, philosophia prima) est scientia praedicatorum entis generaliorum" (Baumgarten [1], § 4). Or the well known definition of Wolff: "QuoniamOntologia de ente in genere agit, ea demonstrare debet, quae onmibus entibus sive absolute sive sub data quadam conditione conveniunt" (Wolff [1], § 8).

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