By Margaret Chatterjee

The publication compares sleek Jewish and Hindu concept via discussing chosen writers just about universal concerns taken care of through them, matters that are nonetheless suitable this present day. The writers are Mahatma Gandhi, Max Nordau, A.D. Gordon, Martin Buber, Sri Aurobindo, Rav Kook and Rabindranath Tagore. the problems contain the subsequent: the critique of civilisation, the concept that of labour, self-definition vis-a-vis 'east' and 'west', the pursuit of 'realisation' both separately or jointly, using evolution as a source proposal, and the critique of nationalism which ran parallel to its pursuit.

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32 The text is, in fact, immediately relevant to Gandhi's belief in ahimsa or non-violence. Looking back from the perspective of the late 1920s, Gandhi commented: I was at that time a believer in violence. 33 Tolstoy stresses the ideal of inward perfection, truth and love, drawing on the Gospel paradigm, saying that outward perfection would follow. 34 So there are many gaps in the argument and these would not have escaped a high-minded Hindu like Gandhi, for all his predisposition to appreciate a view of life stressing inwardness.

Three works came from his pen, Psaltery, The Celebration of the Peasant or Industriousness and Idleness and a posthumous monograph called Salvation from Dire Poverty. It is the second of these that contains his ideas about labour. He started work on this book in 1874, that is, during his exile in Siberia, The Redemptive Role of Labour 37 writing it along with his work on the farm, service as an irrigation engineer and teaching a class of about fifty peasant children. It is said that he never wrote at a desk but jotted down his ideas in the course of his everyday activities.

Work remained the bridge between the real and the ideal and comradeship or unity (tsavta) would be 'the Sinai of the future'. This could come about if each individual sought his own perfection (a la Kant). The kibbutzniks of Hazorea were followers of Buber until they joined Kibbutz Artzi. In fact, during the early years after making Aliyah Buber spent much time in dialogue with young people from different kibbutzim, striving with them to define the content of Jewish identity and what the content of authentic Judaism would be.

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