By Joni Lovenduski

How can ladies maximize their political impact? Does country feminism improve the political illustration of ladies? may still feminism be tested in kingdom associations to regard women's matters? constructed through box specialists, this ebook makes use of an cutting edge version of political impact to build solutions to those and different questions within the long-running debate over the political illustration of girls. The booklet assesses how states reply to women's calls for for political illustration when it comes to their inclusion as actors, in addition to the respect in their pursuits within the selection making method.

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Extra resources for State Feminism and Political Representation

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Shortly after the first reading of the bill, the cabinet resigned and new elections took place in 1996. After the election the Greens launched a new parliamentary initiative on this subject. Dominant frame of debate All actors involved in the debate, mainly female representatives of the political parties, believed that representation of both men and women was a basic criterion of democracy. All agreed that increasing the number of women in politics was essential. Their main concern was how to do this.

Only two parties in the Austrian parliament, the Green Alternative and ¨ , have introduced gender quotas into their party statutes. In 1986 the SPO the GAL established a quota system committed to a strict 50 per cent representation of women by the principle of gender alternation. In 1985, ¨ first introduced a 25 per cent quota for women on candidate lists the SPO and for appointed offices. In 1993, the party decided to increase the quota ¨ VP is verbally committed to to 40 per cent and make it mandatory.

Convinced that removing discriminatory barriers alone would not achieve de facto equality, advocates of affirmative action measures favoured preferential treatment to overcome the effects of past discrimination, and argued that a change in attitudes and mentalities would take ¨ ) took the position that preferential time. Opponents (MPs of the FPO treatment of women would result in reverse discrimination. Gendering political representation: Austria 29 Prominent members of the civil servants’ trade union opposed some of the women’s movement’s demands.

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