By Ephraim David

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Extra resources for Sparta Between Empire and Revolution (404-243 B.C.): Internal Problems and Their Impact on Contemporary Greek Consciousness

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But to his disappointment, the Thebans yielded in time. whose leaders were to act as puppets. At the conclusion of the Kina's Peace, the wtion between Corinth and Argos was dissolved and Corinth, now "autonomous" and oligarchic, was once more to be Sparta's ally within the Peloponnesian League. 101 Mantinea was the next victim of this policy in the Peloponnese. C. to tear down the city's walls, on the grounds that they were not to be trusted in view of their disloyalty during the Corinthian War.

22 The citizenship of an akliros depended on the aoodwill of his eldest brother and on that brother's ability to pay his contribution to the syssition,which was considered a necessary condition for enjoyina political rights (horos tls politeias). Those who could not pay their dues to the co1111110n messes were deprived of their political rights and {ell from the ranks of the homoioi to those of the'1nferior'' {hypomeiones). could also be the result of cowardice in battle, in which case the inferiors were called tresantes and were given especially h1m1iliating -49- treataent.

53- This antithesis is conspicuous not only in the chapter under discussion, but also in the comparison between it and the frequent re111arks in the other parts of the work on the Spartan•s attitude towards the ancestral laws and custollS. The chan1e in attitude of the contemporary Spartans towards Lycurgus' laws is closely connected with the corrupting influences of wealth and empire. Austerity and moderation were replaced by lust for money and lust for power. The function of harmost offers excellent opportunities for the satisfaction of these vices.

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