By Wilfried Haeberli, Colin Whiteman, John F. Shroder
Snow and Ice-Related risks, dangers, and Disasters provide you with the most recent clinical advancements in glacier surges and melting, ice shelf collapses, paleo-climate reconstruction, sea point upward push, weather swap implications, causality, affects, preparedness, and mitigation. It takes a geo-scientific method of the subject whereas additionally masking present brooding about without delay similar social clinical matters that could adversely have an effect on ecosystems and worldwide economies.
- Puts the contributions from specialist oceanographers, geologists, geophysicists, environmental scientists, and climatologists chosen by means of a world-renowned editorial board on your hands
- Presents the most recent learn on causality, glacial surges, ice-shelf collapses, sea point upward thrust, weather switch implications, and more
- Numerous tables, maps, diagrams, illustrations and pictures of damaging tactics should be included
- Features new insights into the results of weather swap on elevated melting, collapsing, flooding, methane emissions, and sea point rise
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Extra resources for Snow and Ice-Related Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
Snow and Ice-related Hazards, Risks and Disasters. Elsevier, pp. 263e301. , 2014. Snow, ice and the biosphere. , Whiteman, C. ), Snow and Ice-related Hazards, Risks and Disasters. Elsevier, pp. 139e165. , 2010. In the Shadow of Melting Glaciers: Climate Change and Andean Society. Oxford University Press, New York. , 2012a. Unintended effects of technology on climate change adaptation: an historical analysis of water conflicts below Andean Glaciers. J. Hist. Geogr. 38, 181e191. , 2012b. An integrated socioenvironmental framework for glacier hazard management and climate change adaptation: lessons from Lake 513, Cordillera Blanca, Peru.
In comparison to vertical variability in density, bulk snowpack density or depth-averaged density is easier to measure and likely less spatially variable. , thermomechanical, electrical, and acoustic properties) and are key controls in both avalanche and snow-load hazards and much easier to measure than snow microstructure. 2 Ice In perennial snowfields, the snowfall that undergoes multiannual densification into ice is generally not regarded as true ice until the pore spaces between crystals have sufficiently deformed to prevent airflow.
In the short term, the occurrence of hazardous events can be strongly influenced by the impact of continued climate change on long-term ice-related factors. Primary local, long-term factors affecting the stability of steep icy rock walls are: (1) the geological setting (mainly lithology and structure); (2) topography (mainly slope inclination and vertical extent); and (3) ice conditions (glaciers, permafrost). , 2014). Changes in ice conditions produce different response characteristics, because glaciers are likely to vanish within decades, whereas thick permafrost in deeply frozen mountain peaks will degrade over future centuries.