By Lee Badgett, Jeff Frank
Having lately authored probably the most major books, cash, Myths and alter, during this fascinating sector of economics, Lee Badgett has now teamed up with Jeff Frank and a set of foreign members to supply an research of sexual orientation discrimination on a world scale. Discrimination according to sexual orientation keeps to gasoline collective motion, coverage debates and educational scrutiny in lots of international locations. For it slow, sociologists and psychologists have studied sexual orientation discrimination in associations and explored prejudices opposed to lesbian, homosexual, bisexual, and transgender humans in mainstream parts. Now economists have additionally all started to check the reports of lesbians, homosexual males and bisexuals in much less conventional examine sectors together with the labour, housing, credits, and retail markets. This ebook contains sections on: wages and jobs discrimination throughout institutional contexts discrimination in cultural associations together with faith, schooling and recreation addressing discrimination via public guidelines. leading edge and updated this booklet is an important learn for postgraduate scholars learning within the components of political economic system, gender experiences and feminist economics.
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Extra resources for Sexual Orientation Discrimination: An International Perspective (Routledge Iaffe Advances in Feminist Economics)
11 Allegretto and Arthur (2001) find that occupational controls reduce the wage gap with married men slightly but increase the wage gap compared with unmarried heterosexual men. Thus there is little consistent evidence that sorting into occupations influences wages, even though such sorting may be a strategy to avoid discrimination (decreasing the wage gap) or a secondary form of discrimination (increasing the wage gap). Further preliminary investigation into the occupational positions of LGB people by Badgett and King (1997) suggests that gay/bisexual men are avoiding occupations that are likely to bring them into contact with co-workers who have negative attitudes toward homosexuality or are going into more heavily female occupations than are heterosexual men (Badgett 1998).
Matt Johnson’s chapter presenting his ethnographic study of gay male recruiters for an HIV research project suggests that particular parts of the economy might be made more welcoming and even nurturing of gay identities. These new options might provide at least temporary refuges for gay men negotiating an otherwise difficult and discriminatory job market. V. Lee Badgett and Jefferson Frank men and lesbians have sometimes pursued a similar strategy in the realm of sport by creating gay-specific clubs.
2003) argue that the measures based on more recent sex partners are better indicators of identity and of a current “lifestyle” that might be observed by employers. However, lifetime sexual histories might well be relevant for early decisions about investments in training and education, even if later employers observe a bisexual woman in a relationship with a man, for instance. The other strand of research using census data shows that women with female partners earn about the same as women with male partners after controlling for full-time work.