By Joseph R. Geraci

Ten experts in petroleum chemistry, marine mammalogy, and veterinary medication discover the consequences of spilled petroleum (or "oil") on 5 teams of marine mammals: seals, whales and dolphins, sea otters, polar bears, and manatees.

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Extra resources for Sea Mammals and Oil: Confronting the Risks

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J. ), pp. 237-263. Pergamon, New York. Zepp, R. , and Schlotzhauer, P. F. (1979). Photoreactivity of selected aromatic hydrocarbons in water. In "Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons" (P. W. Jones and P. ), pp. 141-156. Ann Arbor Sei. , Ann Arbor, Michigan. Effects of Oil on Marine Mammal Populations: Model Simulations 2 Jerry M. Neff Battelle Ocean Sciences Duxbury, Massachusetts 02332 Introduction The effect of an oil spill on a population of marine mammals can be assessed in a number of ways. One is to use a mathematical model that incorporates information on the behavior of spilled oil with data on the life history of the species in question.

S. C. S. Environmental Protection Agency (1981). "Report to Congress on Listing of Waste Oil as a Hazardous Waste Pursuant to Section (8)(2)," Public Law 96-463. S. C. S. Environmental Protection Agency (1985). "Development Document for Effluent Limitations Guidelines and Standards for the Offshore Segment of the Oil and Gas Extraction Point Source Category," EPA 440/1-85/055. S. , Industrial Tech. C. Wakeham, S. , Canuel, E. , Doering, P. , Hobbie, J. , Henrich, J. V. , and Lough, G. R. G. (1985).

Barrick, R. C. (1982). Flux of aliphatic and poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to central Puget Sound from Seattle (Westpoint) primary sewage effluent. Environ. Sei. Technol. 16, 682-692. , and Atlas, R. M. (1987). Transport and transformations of petroleum: Biological processes. In "Long-Term Environmental Effects of Offshore Oil and Gas Development" (D. F. Boesch and N. N. ), pp. 287-341. Elsevier Appl. , London. Bassin, J. , and Ichiye, T. (1977). Flocculation behavior of suspended sediments and oil emulsions.

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