By Timothy G. Murray

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While there are no guidelines stating that periodic imaging for second cancers should be performed, a low threshold for investigation should exist if any symptoms of a possible cancer arise. Retinocytoma Retinocytoma is a rare, benign variant of retinoblastoma also caused by autosomal dominant mutations of RB1. On occasion (4% of the time), retinocytomas can undergo malignant transformation and therefore patients should be followed closely [10]. In contrast to retinoblastoma, retinocytomas may be diagnosed in child- or adult-hood and are often asymptomatic.

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Br.  Cancer 45(4), 513–521 (1982). 9 Gunduz K, Muftuoglu O, Günalp I et al. Metastatic retinoblastoma clinical features, treatment, and prognosis. Ophthalmology 113(9), 1558–1566 (2006). clinical features, magnetic resonance imaging, and histopathologic findings in retinoblastoma: a prospective study. Ophthalmology 119(4), 850–856 (2012). 15 Chintagumpala M, Chevez- Barrios P, Paysse EA et al. Retinoblastoma: review of current management. Oncologist 12(10), 1237–1246 (2007). 16 Gombos DS, Chevez-Barrios 10 Linn Murphree A.

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