By Eric J. Hall
The 5th variation of this renowned textual content will stay the 1st selection if you happen to want present, clinically suitable details on how radiation impacts the human physique. Written via a working towards, lively radiobiologist, the booklet brings jointly easy laboratory examine and functional, scientific functions. The single-authored, easy-to-read textual content and informative illustrations make sure comprehension, and summaries on the finish of every bankruptcy facilitate speedy review.This version has been reorganized for handy reference. Brand-new chapters handle melanoma biology, the medical reaction of ordinary tissues, and gene remedy. Molecular biology is punctiliously built-in into this variation.
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In tissue culture, immortalization of cells, that is, cells that pass through a "crisis" and continue to be able to divide beyond the normal limit, is associated with telomere stabilization and activity of telomerase. Virtually all human tumor-cell lines and approximately 90% of human cancer biopsy specimens exhibit telomerase activity. By contrast, normal human somatic tissues, other than stem cells, do not possess detectable levels of this enzyme. It is an attractive hypothesis that both immortalization and carcinogenesis are associated with telomerase expression.
Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, 1982 Georgiev GP, Nedospasov SA, Bakayev VV: Supranucleosomal levels of chromatin organization. In Busch H (ed): The Cell Nucleus, vol 6, pp 3-34. New York, Academic Press, 1978 31 Gilson E, Laroche T, Gasser SM: Telomeres and the functional architecture of the nucleus. Trends Cell Biol 3: 128-134, 1993 Grell RF: The chromosome. J Tenn Acad Sci 37:43-53, 1962 Ishihara T, Sasaki MS (eds): Radiation-Induced Chromosome Damage in Man. New York, Alan R. Liss, 1983 Lea DEA: Actions of Radiations on Living Cells, 2nd ed.
Radiation produces two breaks in the same arm of the same chromosome. 10. 9 and may result from two breaks in the same arm of the same chromosome, leading to the loss of the genetic information between the two breaks. 10. Illustration of the formation of a deletion by ionizing radiation in an interphase chromosome. It is easy to imagine how two breaks may occur (by a single or two different charged particles) in such a way as to isolate a loop of DNA. The "sticky" ends rejoin, and the deletion is lost at a subsequent mitosis because it has no centromere.