By Cecil R. Reynolds, Robert T. Brown (auth.), Cecil R. Reynolds, Robert T. Brown (eds.)

The cultural-test-bias speculation is without doubt one of the most crucial scien­ tific questions dealing with psychology this day. in short, the cultural-test-bias speculation contends that every one saw workforce adjustments in psychological try rankings are because of a integrated cultural bias of the assessments themselves; that's, team ranking variations are an artifact of present psychomet­ ric technique. If the cultural-test-bias speculation is eventually proven to be right, then the a hundred years or so of mental learn on human ameliorations (or differential psychology, the sci­ entific self-discipline underlying all utilized components of human psychology together with medical, counseling, tuition, and business psychology) needs to be reexamined and maybe pushed aside as confounded, contam­ inated, or in a different way artifactual. with a purpose to proceed its lifestyles as a systematic self-discipline, psychology needs to confront the cultural-test-bias speculation from the forged foundations of knowledge and idea and must never let the solution of this factor to take place completely inside (and to be made up our minds by way of) the political Zeitgeist of the days or any singular paintings, regardless of how accomplished. In his fresh quantity Bias in psychological checking out (New York: unfastened Press, 1980), Arthur Jensen supplied a radical assessment of many of the empirical study correct to the assessment of cultural bias in mental and academic checks that was once on hand on the time that his publication was once ready. however, Jensen provided just one in line with­ spective on these matters in a quantity meant not just for the sci­ entific group yet for clever laypeople as well.

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J. lQ in the meritocracy. Boston: Little & Brown, 1973. Hilgard, E. , & Bower, G. H. ). : Prentice-Hall, 1975. Hilliard, A. G. " Journal of Research and Development in Education, 1979, 12, 47-58. Humphreys, L. G. Statistical definitions oftest validity for minority groups. Journal of Applied Psychology, 1973, 58, 1-4. Jackson, G. D. Another psychological view from the Association of Black Psychologists. American Psychologist, 1975, 30, 88-93. Jackson, R. " Harvard Educational Review, 1980, SO, 382-391.

Child Development, 1967,39,1-14. CHAPTER TWO Methodological, Statistical, and Ethical Issues in the Study of Bias in Psychological Tests JOHN E. HUNTER, FRANK L. SCHMIDT, and JOHN RAUSCHENBERGER TEST FAIRNESS VERSUS ETHNIC IMBALANCE The hypothesis that tests are biased against minority groups asserts that scores on psychological tests may be accurate estimates of the ability of majority white test-takers but they are poor estimates of the ability of minority persons. This hypothesis can be tested empirically with data from any domain.

Mercer, J. R. Labeling the mentally retarded. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1973. Mercer, J. R. Cultural diversity, mental retardation, and assessment: The case for non. labeling. , August 1976. Messick, S. Test validity and the ethics of assessment. American Psychologist, 1980,35, 1012-1017. , & Jungeblut, A. Time and method in coaching for the SAT. Psychological Bulletin, 1981,89, 191-216. Multiple book review of A. R. Jensen, Bias in mental testing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1980, 3, 325-371.

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