By Gananath Obeyesekere
The nice pilgrimage middle of southeastern Sri Lanka, Kataragama, has develop into in recent times the religious domestic of a brand new type of Hindu-Buddhist non secular devotees. those ecstatic clergymen and priestesses continually exhibit lengthy locks of raveled hair, they usually convey their devotion to the gods via fireplace strolling, tongue-piercing, putting on hooks, and trance-induced prophesying.The expanding acclaim for those ecstatics poses a problem not just to orthodox Sinhala Buddhism (the respectable faith of Sri Lanka) but additionally, as Gananath Obeyesekere exhibits, to the conventional anthropological and psychoanalytic theories of symbolism. Focusing at the start on one image, raveled hair, Obeyesekere demonstrates that the traditional contrast among own and cultural symbols is insufficient and naive. His distinctive case reports of ecstatics convey that there's continuously a reciprocity among the personal-psychological size of the emblem and its public, culturally sanctioned position. Medusa's Hair hence makes an incredible theoretical contribution either to the anthropology of person event and to the psychoanalytic figuring out of tradition. In its analyses of the symbolism of guilt, the adaptational and integrative value of trust in spirits, and a bunch of similar concerns bearing on ownership states and religiosity, this ebook marks a provocative enhance in mental anthropology.
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Extra info for Medusa's Hair: An Essay on Personal Symbols and Religious Experience
Asiddh¯ anta 52 and Bh¯ askara II’s Siddh¯ anta´siroman. i . ¯ 2. a 53 was founded by Aryabhat . a, one of the most famous astronomers in Indian history, and its main 54 ¯ ¯ ahmapaks. ¯ıya. a credits Brahm¯ a with a revelation of astronomy. aryapaks. a founded by 3. The ¯ ardhar¯ atrikapaks. a, but its founding text is now lost. The name of the school is derived from its use of a midnight (ardhar¯ atra) epoch. 4. a 56 is based on a S¯ uryasiddh¯ anta from the late eight or early ninth century ce.
Udharmottarapur¯ an. a. a, see Pingree 1978a, 555–589. 259–260. a are Brahmagupta’s Br¯ ahmasphut. asiddh¯ anta 52 and Bh¯ askara II’s Siddh¯ anta´siroman. i . ¯ 2. a 53 was founded by Aryabhat . a, one of the most famous astronomers in Indian history, and its main 54 ¯ ¯ ahmapaks. ¯ıya. a credits Brahm¯ a with a revelation of astronomy. aryapaks. a founded by 3. The ¯ ardhar¯ atrikapaks. a, but its founding text is now lost. The name of the school is derived from its use of a midnight (ardhar¯ atra) epoch.
It¯ adhy¯ aya—the Chapter on Mathematics. The b¯ıjagan adhy¯ aya . it¯ As has already been noted, in manuscript catalogues or other modern works, two works are generally attributed to J˜ n¯anar¯aja: 1. the Siddh¯ antasundara; and 2. a work of mathematics called the B¯ıj¯ adhy¯ aya. There is a somewhat ambiguous relationship between the Siddh¯ antasundara and this mathematical work, and it is not clear from the modern sources whether the mathematical work is a part of the Siddh¯ antasundara, or whether it is an independent work.