By Daniel Henry Holmes Ingalls

The paintings includes biographical notes at the highbrow stalwarts and an exam of a few theories and strategies utilized by means of thee adepts within the new sort and approach to logical argumentation. It makes a speciality of vyapti-panacaka of gangesa, on mathuranatha's observation on it, and on extracts from didhiti of Raghunath.

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An understanding of qualifiers requires a brief summary of the categories and of the theory of determinate and indeterminate knowledges. 13. The Categories {padärtha) The conservative members of the Navya-nyäya assign every entity in the universe to one or another of the following seven categories: (1) Substance (dravya). , 3). Substance is the only category whose members enter into a relation of contact. Substances inhere in their parts. (2) Quality (guna). , 3-5. They inhere only in substances.

115) claims that Gangesa also follows this theory. The passage to which he refers is quoted below ( § 8 ) . The following facts, Ï think, show that Keith was mistaken. , II, p. " There are many other passages where the considering is called a kärana rather than a karana (cf. Sen's references, p. , II, pp. 691-692). C. (I, pp. 114-429), the merit that is the special cause of inference is the seeing of the middle term (linga-darsana). This is a special cause {asädhärana-kärana^ 7\C, I, p. 307), not instrument {karana).

The number 50 does not pervade the number 100. The loci of the numbers 50 and 100 are mutually exclusive (see below, §51). (§3 SOME THEORIES AND TECHNIQUES 29 definitions. The Nyaya-koêa lists 21 defective and 13 accepted definitions of pervasion. 3 They were studied in groups such as the Vyäpti-pancaka, the Lion and Tiger Definitions, the 14 Definitions of the Vyadhikarana-prakaranaf etc. There exist hundreds of manuscripts of commentaries on these single groups. The purpose of this Introduction is not to discuss these definitions in detail^ but to explain the ideas and techniques used in the introductory account of pervasion given by the subjoined texts.

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