By Louis O. Kattsoff
This publication isn't in simple terms approximately metaphysics; it really is an essay in metaphysics. in addition, it truly is written within the company conviction that metaphysics is feasible and significant metaphysical statements can and will be made. despite the fact that, I felt it essential to strategy the perennial difficulties of metaphysics in the course of the avenues of linguistic research. i've got attempted not just to infiltrate the placement of the linguists yet to teach 5th column already existed there. but the objections to metaphysics had to be met or at the least a few indication of ways they can be met needed to be proven. it really is by no means sufficient to illustrate that objections are un based - a few optimistic symptoms of a potential metaphysics needed to be provided. This publication, consequently, attempts additionally to attract at the least in huge define, a metaphysical place that turns out to me to be well-founded. within the current nation of philoso phy within the usa particularly, this is often enough explanation for publishing one other publication in philosophy. i would like to specific my appreciation to a few humans. To my colleagues at North Carolina i'm thankful for exciting criticisms that frequently helped me see my approach via to strategies. To Professors B. Blanshard (Yale University), and Ledger wooden (Princeton University), i'm thankful for examining the manuscript.
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I wish to call attention to the method Kant uses to discover these structural properties because it is often overlooked when 36 What Metaphysics Can Be one criticizes metaphysics as non-empirical and because it will offer us a clue to a method that can be attained by an extension of the one Kant uses. , what are the conditions without which there could not be any experience at all. In still other words, how is experience possible? A similar question is raised with respect to understanding, to mathematics, a science of nature, and finally to metaphysics.
10 This is clearly not very exact. It is possible to say that variables never refer to entities, only names of entities are referred to by variables. " the 'x' does not refer to, say, Socrates the person but to 'Socrates' the name of Socrates. This is evident when we realize that the affirmation is made true if and only if the name 'Socrates' is placed in the position of the variable. The entity, in other words, to which the bound variable refers if the affirmation is to be true is 'Socrates' and not the person Socrates.
No other names such as 'being' or 'entity' or 'person' or 'divine being', etc. would do. If we used one of these we would get "there is a being, such that it is God" or "there is a person such that that person is God" and so on. We are committed, according to Quine, to God if there is such an entity such that the statement "there exists a being such that it is God" is a true statement. , whether the statement is true or not? Our language has a name 'God' - the quantifiers can be applied to form statements about "all" or "none" or "some" of any name and any predicate.