By Ron E. Tappy, P. Kyle, Jr. McCarter

At the ultimate day of the 2005 excavation at Tel Zayit, archaeologists found a heavy limestone boulder with a wide, bowl-shaped hole floor into one aspect and traces of alphabetic writing incised into the opposite facet. This inscription used to be famous to be an abecedary containing the entire letters of the Canaanite alphabet—the such a lot significant abecedary came upon so far in a stratified 10th-century archaeological context in Israel. It evinces the linear alphabetic script of the critical and southern Canaanite inside in the beginning of the 1st millennium B.C.E.

The essays during this publication grew out of papers offered on the 2007 annual assembly of the yank colleges of Oriental learn. In them, the participants situate the archaeological, geographical, and social context of Tel Zayit and speak about the paleography of the script. in addition they supply insightful research in regards to the attainable volume of literacy and schooling in historic Israel and touch upon the measure to which scribal tradition could have contributed to the method of nation formation.

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Pp. 3–84 in The African Frontier: The Reproduction of Traditional African Societies, ed. I. Kopytoff. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Luckenbill, D. D. 1926–27 Ancient Records of Assyria and Babylonia. Vols. 1–2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Maravall, J. A. 1972 Estado moderno y mentalidad social. Madrid: Revista de Occidente. Mazar, A. 1994 The Northern Shephelah in the Iron Age: Some Issues in Biblical History and Archaeology. Pp. 247–67 in Scripture and Other Artifacts, ed. M.

A. 1972 Estado moderno y mentalidad social. Madrid: Revista de Occidente. Mazar, A. 1994 The Northern Shephelah in the Iron Age: Some Issues in Biblical History and Archaeology. Pp. 247–67 in Scripture and Other Artifacts, ed. M. D. Coogan, J. C. Exum, and L. E. Stager. Louisville: Westminster/ John Knox. , and Kelm, G. 1993 Tel Batash (Timnah). Pp. 152–57 in The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land, ed. E. Stern. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society and Carta. , and Panitz-Cohen, N.

The well-known district list for the lowlands of Judah presented in Josh 15:33–44 is followed in vv. 45–47 by the curious inclusion of Ekron, Ashdod, Gaza, and all their towns and villages. This inclusion raises a tactic that I have not addressed thus far but that constitutes, nonetheless, an integral part of establishing identity and ideology — namely, the use of literary traditions within a core area. As different cultures meet and compete for presence and control in the marginal, liminal zone between them, all aspects of life are brought to bear on the competition when feasible or necessary.

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