By Carl Linnaeus, Stephen Freer

Philosophia Botanica (The technology of Botany), by way of Carl Linnaeus, used to be initially released in Latin in Stockholm and Amsterdam in 1751. it's a tremendously accelerated revision of his Fundamenta Botanica (Foundations of Botany) of 1736, summarizing his paintings at the class and taxonomy of vegetation whereas including large new fabric. The e-book represents a severe degree within the evolution of binomial nomenclature, with a unmarried notice to explain the genus and one other for the species. exact significance is hooked up to actual description of the components of vegetation, and to the right kind use of technical phrases. There also are factors of the results of soil and weather conditions on plant progress. The e-book contains nine unique engravings, with 167 figures exhibiting the shapes of leaves and different elements of the plant, and six brief memoranda describing Linnaeus' botanical tours, detailing his rules for backyard and herbarium building, and outlining what's required of a botanist and his students. There also are indexes of technical phrases, genera and matters. the 1st complete English translation of this vintage paintings due to the fact that 1775, this pretty publication can be hugely beautiful to botanists and all these attracted to the heritage of technological know-how.

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My] Sponsalia plantarum sectt. 1–14. ’ Jung, Isagoge Ch. 1. ’ Boerhaave, Historia 3. ’ Ludwig, Vegetabile 3. ’ 10 introduction Observations. Fossils and crystals always conform in shape, within the same species. There is locomotion in Balanus and Lernea; as there is in Mimosa. 4. B O TA N Y is a natural science, that treats of the investigation of vegetables (3). Boerhaave, Historia 16. ’ Ludwig, Aphorismi 1. ’ This page intentionally left blank 13 i. the library 5. The botanical LIBRARY contains books about vegetables.

Imperfect 15. trees 16. shrubs 17. 58. b) and Tournefort (64). under-water [plants] 1. gymnosperms with two seeds, land [plants] capillary [plants] 2. stellate 3. gymnosperms with one seed, gymnosperms with many seeds 4. gymnosperms with four seeds,whorled rough leaved 12. 13. with four petals 14. with one capsule with two capsules 5. umbelliferous 15. bearing berries 16. bearing pomes 11. 6. simple with flat petals 7. with rays uncovered 8. 9. capitate 10. 25. 26. continued 34 SYSTEMS with three capsules 17.

The principal Floras are Gmelin, Siberian. Dalibard, Paris. Haller, Swiss. Linnaeus, Swedish Guettard, Étampes. Magnol, Montpellier. Lapland. Ray, English. Vaillant, Paris. Dillenius, Giessen. Gottesched, Prussian. 17. The T R AV E L L E R S (8) have gone to remote regions to investigate plants. The O U T S TA N D I N G [examples] are found in botanical [works]. Scheuchzer’s Itinera Alpina [Alpine journeys]. Calceolari and Pona, Monte Baldo. Ray’s Travels and voyages. Tournefort’s Voyage du Levant.

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