By Smriti Srinivas

City reports/ faith A wealthy research of what this Indian urban can let us know concerning the intersections of faith, civic existence, and international transformation. validated in the course of the 16th century, Bangalore has turn into in our day a middle for high-technology examine and construction, the hot "Silicon Valley" of India, with a metropolitan inhabitants impending six million. it's also the location of the very hot annual functionality referred to as the "Karaga" devoted to Draupadi, the polyandrous spouse of the heroes of the pan-Indian epic of the Mahabharata. via her research of this functionality and its value for the feel of the civic in Bangalore, Smitri Srinivas exhibits how structures of locality and globality emerge from present cultural milieus and the way articulations of the city are modes of cultural self-invention tied to ancient, spatial, somatic, and formality practices. The publication hightlights cultural practices embedded in urbanization, and strikes past economistic arguments approximately globalization or their reliance at the eu polis or the yankee city as versions. Drawing from city experiences, sociology, anthropology, functionality reports, faith, and heritage, Srinivas's paintings drastically expands our realizing of the way the civic is developed. Smriti Srinivas is assistant professor of comparative and cultural stories of faith at Ohio kingdom collage.

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5 He eventually bought his way out of imprisonment by offering a huge sum to the emperor in exchange for freedom when the empire was confronted with the threat of a Muslim sultanate alliance from the middle Deccan. After the fall of the Vijayanagar Empire in 1564, a number of Palegaras and other rulers in the south asserted their sovereignty, although the empire's control of vast regions had not been total by any means. Kempe Gowda II was soon involved in several military campaigns against his neighbors.

The Dominance of the Public Sector (1950-80) In the 1950s and 1960s, the national government set up a number of public-sector institutions for research and production in Bangalore. What is significant about this period is the high level of government commitment to industry, research, funding, and infrastructure and the high level of labor participation from the city in these efforts in terms of permanent employment. This period also saw the intensification of employment in government bureaucracy, the administrations of state-run enterprises, and a 10 • Civic Rituals number of educational institutions that had been created by the state government—for instance, Bangalore University and a number of technical, agricultural, and vocational colleges.

37 The Bangalore Development Authority did not even include agriculture in its calculations in its 1995 Comprehensive Development Plan. To a large extent, as the case of the Vahnikula Kshatriyas demonstrates, many of these agriculturists had long been displaced by the growing metropolis and had had to compete with a workforce in work that was industrial, commercial, or service oriented. Most of them were eventually absorbed into such activities. A few of them found employment in the state or the central bureaucracy.

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