By Maher Abu-Munshar

Islamic Jerusalem has a unique position within the hearts of the 3 monotheistic religions. all through its background it's been the location of tolerance and tensions. Islamic Jerusalem and its Christians provides a severe examine historic occasions throughout the time of 2 key figures within the heritage of Islam: to begin with Caliph 'Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, who performed a seriously vital position within the start and unfold of Islam. Secondly Sultan Salah al-Din, the mythical 'Saladdin' of Western Crusader lore, whose peace negotiations with Richard the Lion-Heart, King of britain Abu Munshar brings to existence right here.  This pioneering examine makes use of vast unique examine to discover Muslim remedy of non-Muslims within the seventh Century and within the heart a long time. A necessary resource of reference for all drawn to Islamic and center japanese reviews, faith and Medieval heritage, Islamic Jerusalem and its Christians establishes and develops new proof for educational debate.

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They must seek mutual advice and consultation, and loyalty is a protection against treachery. A man is not liable for his ally’s misdeeds. The wronged must be helped. The Jews must pay with the believers so long as war lasts. Yathrib shall be a sanctuary for the people of his document. A stranger under protection shall be as his host doing no harm and committing no crime. A woman shall only be given protection with the consent of her family. If any dispute or controversy likely to cause trouble should arise it must be referred to God and to Muhammad the apostle of God.

162 Jihad has played a major role in Muslim treatment of nonMuslims. It is obvious from the above verse that Muslims are allowed to fight non-Muslims if the latter take up arms against them. A review of the prophetic traditions shows that the Prophet fought in only two situations. First, when Muslims were being attacked or when they expected an attack, such as knowing that an enemy was making preparations for attacking the Muslim community. The Prophet in his wisdom could not have waited until his people had been attacked.

He would say: When you meet your enemies who are non-Muslim invite them to three courses of action, if they respond to any one of them you also accept it and withhold yourself from doing them any harm: invite them to accept Islam ... if they refuse to accept Islam, demand jizyah from them. If they agree to pay, accept it from them and hold off your hands. ISLAMIC SOURCES AND THE TREATMENT OF NON-MUSLIMS 51 If they refuse to pay the tax, seek God’s help and fight them …164 The three choices are, first, ask them to embrace Islam; second, if they refuse, then conclude a dhimmi pact with them; and third, if they do not agree, the final option is to fight them.

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