By James G. Speight
Introduction to improved restoration equipment for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands, moment Edition, explores the significance of greater oil restoration (EOR) and the way it has grown in recent times because of the elevated have to find unconventional assets similar to heavy oil and shale. regrettably, petroleum engineers and bosses are not constantly well-versed within the enhancement equipment which are on hand while wanted or the main economically attainable way to maximize their reservoir’s productiveness.
This revised re-creation provides all of the present equipment of restoration to be had, together with the professionals and cons of every. increased and up to date as an outstanding initial textual content for the newcomer to the or material, this must-have EOR consultant teaches all of the fundamentals wanted, together with all thermal and non-thermal tools, besides discussions of viscosity, sampling, and the applied sciences surrounding offshore applications.
- Enables clients to quick methods to decide on the best restoration procedure for his or her reservoir whereas comparing financial conditions
- Presents the variations among every one approach to restoration with newly further real-world case reviews from round the world
- Helps readers remain aggressive with the growing to be want of extracting unconventional assets with new content material on how those complicated reservoirs engage with injected reservoir fluids
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Additional info for Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands, Second Edition
Heavy oil has been used as refinery feedstock for a considerable time, usually blending with more conventional feedstocks, but has commanded lower prices because of its lower quality relative to conventional oil. Even though heavy oil is a member of the petroleum family, differences exist between heavy oil and conventional (light) oil, according to the relative amounts of volatile constituents. When the lower-boiling constituents are lost through natural processes after evolution from organic source materials, the oil becomes heavy, with a high proportion of Introduction to Enhanced Recovery Methods for Heavy Oil and Tar Sands.
On the other hand, much of the extra heavy oil located in the Orinoco belt of Venezuela requires recovery methods that are less extreme because of the mobility of the material in the reservoir. Whether the mobility of extra heavy oil is due to a high reservoir temperature (that is higher than the pour point of the extra heavy oil) or due to other factors is variable and subject to localized conditions in the reservoir. , 2010). However, concerns about the environmental impact of the use of Orimulsion have been raised owing to the relatively high levels of sulfur, nickel, and vanadium compared with other fuel oils (Miller and Srivastava, 2000).
Standard Test Method for Kinematic Viscosity of Transparent and Opaque Liquids (and Calculation of Dynamic Viscosity). Annual Book of Standards. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. ASTM D4175. Standard Terminology Relating to Petroleum, Petroleum Products, and Lubricants. Annual Book of Standards. American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. , 1995. Biosurfactant production and possible uses in microbial enhanced oil recovery and oil pollution remediation.