By Aurelio Ciancio, K.G. Mukerji

The fourth quantity of the IPMD sequence covers, in 3 Sections, rising matters within the built-in administration of major nematode parasites of fruit, tree and wooded area vegetation. The chapters offer uncomplicated facts concerning the vegetation involved, directory major nematode threats, so as to facilitate their detection and administration. precise recognition is given to the administration suggestions as skilled through farmers, nematologists and experts, in numerous components of the realm, together with exploitation of plant resistance assets and built-in or natural management.The first part covers key nematode parasites of tropical fruit plants, together with banana, cocoa, espresso, citrus and different tropical vegetation, and the similar administration recommendations. within the moment part, nematode difficulties of grapevine and different Mediterranean plants resembling pistachio, Prunus spp. and olive are revised. Epidemiolgy information and administration techniques are given, starting from the prestige of grapevine resistance to vector species, to on hand chemical compounds, plant quarantine schemes and virus vectors regulate instruments. within the 3rd ultimate part, an up to date overview of Pine Wilt Nematode is equipped, with new information at the possibility represented by means of its spreading in Western Europe. The booklet techniques a huge variety of matters in a conventional manner, with devoted and particular chapters, written via skilled nematologists, on outlined subject matters. This process offers a spotlight at the nematological factor of curiosity or that the reader has to have enough money, permitting the matter identity and illustrating the strategies built and skilled through the authors. the final target of the e-book, in an integration attempt with Vol. 2 of an identical IPMD sequence, is to supply up-to-date historical past facts including quite a number recommendations for vital nematode pests, worldwide.The quantity is directed to scholars, technicians, extensions and scientists, offering contents of a pro point. simple strategies and sensible examples are supplied to let the reader to examine and act when it comes to his personal stipulations, crop atmosphere and nematode inhabitants parameters. one of the good points and merits of the ebook additionally determine sensible administration info, up-to-date bibliographies and exhaustive illustrations.

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Pararobustus, often present in low densities in the roots, to either plantain or banana has not yet been observed (Price, 1994b). Plant toppling can be considered as the major loss factor for banana production, and is mostly associated with the presence of the burrowing nematode R. similis or the lesion nematodes P. coffeae and P. goodeyi. In Ghana, a total production loss of 70 % (associated toppling incidence 60 %) was observed after inoculation of plantains with the lesion nematode P. , 2004).

The biology and life-cycle of root-knot nematodes are not documented on bananas but should not differ from those described for other hosts. In thick and fleshy primary roots, roots deformations and stunting can be very important, with many females and egg masses occurring within the same gall. , 2004a; 2004b; 2005) and their populations are greater on the distal part of the banana root system, as a reflection of the competition occurring with the other nematode species (Santor & Davide, 1982; Quénéhervé, 1990).

The prospect P. QUENEHERVE 22 of a financial return from fallows has raised enormous interest in the use of fallows (Rhodes grass, Digitgrass ) for management of the burrowing nematode. 5. Future Prospects One important fact to consider is that the centre of origin of the burrowing nematode is undoubtedly located in the Pacific Rim islands and that the nematode has already been reported from many primary crops other than bananas. This information is crucial in terms of nematode management and future prospects.

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