By E. M. Scott, Andrey Yu. Alekseev, Ganna Zaitseva

The subjects of the booklet specialize in the foundation, improvement, interactions, and migrations of the Scythians, in Eurasia and their relationships with the surroundings of 1st millennium BC. surely, the surroundings performed an incredible position within the lifetime of old nomadic populations, forming the root in their economies and influencing numerous features in their mode of lifestyles. the main target is at the large landmass of Eurasia the place except global-scale environmental alterations, neighborhood environmental swap, together with the actual panorama of wooded area, steppe, forest-steppe and so forth replaced. in the course of the 1st millennium BC, very important cultural procedures happened through the steppe belt, which finally ended in the emergence of "Scythian-type" cultures. The Scythian websites were investigated because the 18th century, leading to the invention of remarkable archaeological assemblages and artistic endeavors that are displayed within the most sensible museums of the realm. a variety of puzzles in relation to the Scythians' origins, interactions, migrations and their special chronology are mentioned and new information provided.

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Extra resources for Impact of the Environment on Human Migration in Eurasia: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, held in St. Petersburg, 15-18 November 2003 ... IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences)

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This has been traced from western Central Asia to western Siberia (Levina, Orlova 1993). , 1996, 1998), which probably stimulated movement of the nomads over large distances. CONCLUSION Thus, from the beginning of the 1st millennium BC, periodic migrations of a part of the population of Asian nomads (Saka-Scythians and Sarmatians in the 9th-3rd centuries BC, Hsiung-nu - Huns in the 1st-4th centuries AD, Turks in the 6th century AD, Mongols in 13th century AD) to the west towards Europe is traced in archaeological and written sources.

Steppe population of Eurasia. I. Moscow, 1997, 270 p. (In Russian and German). Yu. New materials to the history of Transkuban basin in the Early Scythian time. Archaeological articles of the State Hermitage Museum 1990; 30: 34 – 54. (In Russian). , Arzhan. Leningrad: Nauka, 1980, 62 p. (In Russian). A. The Steblev Barrow No 15 near Steblev city in the Poros’ River basin. Archaeology (Kiev) 1993; 2: 71 – 84. (In Ukrainen). , St. The History and the Results of the Research of the Archaeological Monuments of the 8th – 4th c.

Although the degree of this dependence is estimated nobody denies a close connection of the economic activities of ancient people with landscape and climate. Landscapes, similar to ethnic groups, have their own history and dynamics of development. When a landscape changes considerably, people should either adapt to new conditions, or die out, or else find a new homeland. Below I will try to show the relationship between natural-climatic and cultural changes, which took place in Eastern Europe in the Final Bronze Age and at the beginning of the Early Iron Age.

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