By Paul C. Stern, National Research Council

Paul C. Stern, Committee at the Human Dimensions of world switch, Board on Environmental swap and Society, department of Behavioral and Social Sciences and schooling, nationwide study Council

The USGCRP's Carbon Cycle operating team requested the nationwide study Council's Committee at the Human Dimensions of worldwide swap to carry a workshop on Human Interactions with the Carbon Cycle. the fundamental function of the workshop was once to assist construct bridges among the examine groups within the social sciences and the typical sciences that may ultimately interact to provide the wanted knowing of the carbon cycle-an knowing which can tell public judgements that may, between different issues, hinder mess ups from because of the methods humanity has been changing the carbon cycle. contributors of the operating crew was hoping winning workshop could enhance conversation among the proper examine groups within the ordinary and social sciences, top finally to a ramification of the carbon cycle software aspect in instructions that will greater combine the 2 domain names.

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DeFries said that regions could be defined by similarities in processes (more similar within than between regions). Dietz noted that analyses of local phenomena should also take into account that these are influenced by phenomena at larger scales. There was also discussion of issues of scale. Barbara Entwisle noted that reasoning from case studies requires both general principles and specific knowledge, as with treating medical patients. Agent-based modeling has the potential for moving from cases up to the big picture by modeling how individual behaviors interact.

Bonn, Germany: International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change. , W. Steffen, S. Benedict, T. Busalachi, P. Canadell, R. Dickinson, M. Raupach, B. Smith, B. Tilbrook, P. Vellinga, and O. Young 2001 The Carbon Challenge: An IGBP-IHDP-WCRP Project. Stockholm: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme. Kates, R. 2000 Population and consumption: What we know, what we need to know. Environment 42(3):10-19. C. R. Young, and D. Druckman, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Improve simulations to build better understanding of uncertainties 2. Address issues of scale and the history of the carbon cycle by combining remotely sensed data, resource inventories, and other data sources 3. Make future emissions scenarios meaningful by incorporating an appropriate set of economic and institutional drivers and the research that can improve understanding of these relationships. Field concluded by noting that oceanography and astronomy, which both need expensive assets to do their research, have gained support for those assets by developing consensus research agendas for a big question.

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