By Bernard Reich, David H. Goldberg

Few nations were the point of interest of extra giant and carrying on with foreign recognition and aroused extra controversy than Israel. battle and the search for peace were dominant issues in Israel's background and feature affected all elements of its nationwide and foreign scenario. regardless of this preoccupation with survival and safety, Israel has built-in thousands of disparate immigrants right into a unmarried Israeli inhabitants. It keeps the lengthy background of the Jewish humans in a contemporary kingdom, and it has attained amazing achievements within the sciences, arts, and schooling. even supposing a lot has been written approximately Israel, this quantity fills a void within the literature by way of supplying a handy reference paintings within which the reader can receive aim information regarding humans, locations, and occasions. using a dictionary structure, it offers details on historical past, politics, diplomacy, society, tradition, economics, army affairs, demography, and geography.

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November 25 The cabinet approves Gen. EHUD BARAK to replace Lt. Gen. DAN SHOMRON as Chief of Staff of the IDF when Shomron's tenure ends in April 1991. 1991 February 3 REHAVAM ZEEVI of MOLEDET joins the CABINET as Minister Without Portfolio. October 18 Israel and the SOVIET UNION restore diplomatic relations. October 30 Peace conference organized by the United States and the SOVIET UNION meets in MADRID, Spain. December 4-18 Peace talks between Israel and Arab delegations take place in Washington, DC.

The mountains of Galilee stretch southward to the Jezreel Valley, south of which are the mountains and hills of Samaria, Judea, and the Negev. Upper Galilee is the highest part of the country. Lower Galilee's hills are more broken. The highlands of Galilee are where most of Israel's Arabs live and include the city of Nazareth. Mt. Meron, Israel's highest mountain, is here. The Judean hills include Jerusalem. There is also the Carmel mountain range near Haifa. The Rift Valley is part of the Great SyrianAfrican Rift-the deepest valley on earth.

June 2 HEBREW UNIVERSITY dedicates its new campus in JERUSALEM. July 19 The Yarkon-Negev pipeline, to irrigate 25,000 acres in the NEGEV, is opened. September 28 Egypt seizes the Bat Galim, an Israel-flag merchant vessel, at Suez when it attempts to transit the Suez Canal, and its crew is imprisoned. October 12 Thirteen Jews are indicted in Egypt on charges of espionage. 1955 July 26 Election for the Third KNESSET. August 15 The Third KNESSET opens. DAVID BEN-GURION becomes Prime Minister. February Egyptian fedayeen intensify operations against Israel.

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