By Henry C. Murphy
4 centuries in the past, English explorer Henry Hudson (1570-1611), commanding the yacht Halve Maen for the Dutch East India corporation, sailed right into a New international tidal estuary close to the landmass the neighborhood Lenape Indians referred to as the "island of many hills." The island used to be ny, and although Hudson used to be not going the 1st eu to determine the river, it's been ceaselessly after that identified by way of his identify. American flesh presser and historian HENRY CRUSE MURPHY (1810-1882) used to be serving as usa Minister on the Hague while he privately released this 1859 monograph. an important early treatise on Hudson's voyages, it collects all of the unique records identified to exist approximately Hudson's 3rd voyage-the one within which he sailed up what's now known as the Hudson River-and explores the "motives, reasons, and personality" of the Dutch East India corporation and "the designs of the navigator himself on the time he sailed upon that expedition," the writer says in his preface. tough to discover in print, this reproduction quantity is a crucial new version of a vital paintings of documentation of 1 of the main inadvertently profound incidents of worldwide historical past: the beginnings of town that's arguably the capital of the area this present day.
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Additional info for Henry Hudson in Holland: An Inquiry into the Origin and Objects of the Voyage which Led to the Discovery of the Hudson River
No other 1) NOVA ALBION, NEW ENGLAND. It is said by Rich that the first mention in print of the name of New England, as applied to this part of America, was in Capt. Smith's: "Description of New England", published in 1616. We have here the name applied to it in a Dutch book printed four years before that date, in connection with information derived from the originator of the name, at least three years earlier still. The circumstance is not only an interesting one in the history of that part of our country, but has an obvious bearing in favor of the accuracy of the whole statement with which it is given.
We have just seen that copies of the contract and instructions accompanied each other; and as we are indebted to Mr. van Dam for a copy of the former we may fairly conclude that he had a copy of the instructions before him when he wrote and claimed to give their contents. These instructions are quoted by him in support of his censure of the conduct of Hudson in seeking the passage through the lands of America. He thus states the facts: "This Company in the year 1609 fitted out a yacht of about 30 lasts burthen and engaged a Mr.
Ations and seventy-five per cent for the next two years. It had at the time of the visit of Hudson grown already to be a mighty power, having forty large ships, besides other smaller vessels in its service, armed with six hundred pieces of cannon and manned by five thousand sailors. The government had also strengthened it by new enactments and those persons who disputed the construction that the charter of the Company was exclusive, which, indeed, if it were true, was so only by implication and not by its terms, and who therefore engaged in the trade on their own account, were, by a decree of the States General of the first of July 1606, expressly prohibited from navigating by the Cape of Good Hope and the Straits of Magellan; and in the following September, by another decree, the subjects of the Netherlands were prohibited from carrying on the trade from foreign countries.