By Anil K. Pabby, Syed S.H. Rizvi, Ana Maria Sastre Requena

The Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, nutrition, and Biotechnological functions, moment Edition presents certain details on membrane separation applied sciences from a world group of specialists.

The guide fills a tremendous hole within the present literature by way of delivering a accomplished dialogue of membrane purposes within the chemical, meals, pharmaceutical, and biotechnology industries in addition to within the therapy of poisonous commercial effluents.

This revised moment version has been up to date and accelerated with discussions of latest membrane items and tactics and novel purposes in engineering, existence sciences, and effort conversion.

It additionally comprises new chapters within the box of membrane technological know-how and know-how protecting contemporary advances in RO and UF, ionic drinks, nanotechnology, roles of membrane in energy iteration, updates on gasoline cells, new membrane extraction configuration, and different vital subject matters.

The instruction manual is both suited to the newcomer to the sphere because it is for strategy engineers and examine scientists (membranologists/membrane specialists) who're attracted to acquiring extra complex information regarding particular functions. It offers readers with a complete and well-balanced assessment of the current kingdom of membrane technological know-how and know-how.

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Extra resources for Handbook of Membrane Separations: Chemical, Pharmaceutical, Food, and Biotechnological Applications

Example text

63]. 3% [64] PSF 1. 5%–3% CHMA in DI water (60 s) 2. 35% TMC in toluene (10–90 s) 3. Posttreatment—oven at 55°C–70°C (3 min) 1. 05 DDS% in aqueous NaOH solution of pH 10 (3 min) 2. 15% TMC in hexane (60 s) 3. Posttreatment—oven at 60°C (10 min) 1. 1%–2% BPA in aqueous NaOH solution of pH 11 (15 min) 2. 15% TMC in hexane (10–60 s) 3. Posttreatment—dried in air (30 min) 1. 1% NaOH in DI water (3 min) 2. 15% mm-BTEC in toluene (2–20 s) 3. Posttreatment—oven at 80°C (unknown) 1. 01% SDS in DI water (5 min) 2.

The improved results are attributed to the incorporation of hydrophilic SPES-NH2 to PAs and/or a higher degree of cross-linking formed in the thin selective layer. In view of the importance of hydrophilicity on TFC ­membrane performance, a novel amine monomer—3,5-diamino-N(4-­ aminophenyl) benzamide (DABA)—with three amino groups was synthesized and used together with diamines (MPD) in TFC membrane fabrication [57]. 4 L/m2 h and maintained a high salt rejection (~98%) in filtering the salt solution containing 2000 ppm NaCl at 2 MPa.

In the recent past, Liu et al. [67] fabricated TFC RO membranes through the IP of MPD with TMC, ICIC, and CFIC, separately in an effort to assess the influence of the polyacyl chloride structure on the chlorine stability of composite membranes prepared. 5. It is reported that N-chlorination reaction is much easier to be taken place in membrane MPD-ICIC due to the existence of urea (–NHCONH–) bond and pendant group of –NHCOOH. In 2010, novel PA TFC membranes with high tolerance to chlorine were prepared via IP of high MW of hexafluoroalcohol (HFA)-substituted aromatic diamines and TMC [62].

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