By Nalini Mallikarjuna, Rajeev K. Varshney

Peanut, an amphidiploid, is a vital foodstuff and oil crop and has an enticing evolutionary background. This publication presents a glimpse of the advances in genetic assets and genomics examine of peanut made over the past decade. It includes an outline of germplasm, advances in genetic and genomic assets, genetic and trait mapping, proteomic and transcriptomic analyses, practical and comparative genomics Read more...

summary: Peanut, an amphidiploid, is a crucial foodstuff and oil crop and has an enticing evolutionary heritage. This publication presents a glimpse of the advances in genetic assets and genomics study of peanut made over the last decade. It comprises an outline of germplasm, advances in genetic and genomic assets, genetic and trait mapping, proteomic and transcriptomic analyses, practical and comparative genomics stories, and molecular breeding functions. This e-book may still turn out priceless to scholars, academics, and younger researchers as a prepared connection with the newest details on peanut genetics

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Additional info for Genetics, Genomics and Breeding of Peanuts

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These genetically uniform modern cultivars could become vulnerable to new pests and diseases resulting into epidemics as have been seen in the past (Tatum 1971). Such experiences necessitate the use of diverse sources in plant breeding programs with a view to broaden the genetic base of crop cultigens. The landraces, exotic germplasm and wild relatives are the repository of many useful genes/alleles and can be utilized in breeding programs to develop new high yielding climate resilient cultivars.

1998, 2000; Franke et al. 1999; Damicone et al. 2010; Chamberlin et al. 2010). 7 Seed quality traits: Upadhyaya et al. (2012) found sufficient variation for protein, oil and fatty acid composition including oleic (O), linoleic (L) fatty acids and O/L ratio in peanut mini core collection. Subsp. fastigiata as a group has shown relatively high variation for protein, while subsp. hypogaea for high O/L ratio. They identified accessions with high protein and oil, and better O/L ratio. Cluster analysis delineated these accessions into three clusters: cluster 1 those with high oleic acid, high pod yield, and high 100-seed weight, cluster 2 with those having high O/L and early flowering, while cluster 3 had accessions with high protein and high shelling percentage.

In: Daryl J Somers, Peter Langridge, J Perry Gustafson (eds) Methods in Molecular Biology, Plant Genomics, vol 513. 1007/978-1-59745-427-8_15. ). Theor Appl Genet 118: 729–739. Varshney RK, Mohan SM, Gaur PM, Gangarao NVPR, Pandey MK, Bohra A, Sawargaonkar S, Kimurto PK, Janila P, Saxena KB, Fikre A, Sharma M, Pratap A, Tripathi S, Datta S, Chaturvedi SK, Anuradha G, Babbar A, Chaudhary RG, Mhase MB, Bharadwaj CH, Mannur DM, Harer PN, Guo B, Liang X, Nadarajan N, Gowda CLL (2013) Achievements and prospects of genomics-assisted breeding in three legume crops of the semi-arid tropics.

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