By Michael Pillay, George Ude, Chittaranjan Kole
Musa is one among 3 genera within the kinfolk of Musaceae. Over 50 species of Musa exist, together with bananas and plantains. This publication assembles the most recent details at the genomic study of this genus. a gaggle of best specialists in Musa genetics, genomics, and breeding supply uncomplicated in addition to complicated info for these attracted to studying extra in regards to the banana genome. The obtainable variety is definitely understood via scholars and researchers, making the booklet an incredible springboard for these trying to do multiplied study into this crop.
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Additional resources for Genetics, Genomics, and Breeding of Bananas
InfoMusa 12: 2–5 FAO (1999) The impact of banana supply and demand changes on income, employment and food security. Gold Coast, Australia, 4–8 May 1999. org) FAO (2004) Food and Agricultural Organization. org) FAO (2005) Food and Agricultural Organization. org) Fogain R (1996) Screenhouse evaluation of Musa for susceptibility to Radopholus similis: evaluation of plantains AAB and diploids AA, AB and BB.. In: EA Frison, JP Horry, D De Waele (eds) Proceedings of the Workshop, New Frontiers in Resistance Breeding for Nematodes, Fusarium and Sigatoka, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
The nuclear genome size of Musa is approximately 552 to 697 Mbp with the A-genome being larger than the B-genome (Dolezel 2004). 33 pg for the A-genomes species (Kamate et al. 2001). The B-genome was found to be smaller than the A-genome by 12% (Lysak et al. 1999). The Musa genome is about 25% larger than that of rice (490 Mbp) but relatively small at approximately 500 to 600 Mbp, which is dispersed over 11 chromosomes. Consequently the Musa genome is amenable to complete sequencing and Musa could be a model polyploid species for genomics as described later in this chapter.
A comprehensive study of meiotic studies in Musa was carried out by Shepherd (1996). Agarwal (1987, 1988a, b) published a series of papers on meiotic studies in Musa. With the advent of molecular biology, it appears that there was a general decline in interest for cytogenetic analyses of organisms since it was now possible to examine their DNA. The small size and poor staining ability of the banana chromosomes was a further deterrent for research in Musa cytogenetics. The individual chromosomes in bananas have not yet been identified and numbered partly because of the small size of the chromosomes and the absence of cytological markers.