By E. John B. Allen
The 1st full-length research of snowboarding within the usa, this booklet strains the historical past of the game from its utilitarian origins to its creation as a in simple terms leisure and aggressive activity.
During the mid-1800s, population of frontier mining groups within the Sierra and Rocky mountains used skis for plenty of useful purposes, together with mail and provide supply, looking, and railroad fix. In a few cities skis have been so universal that, in accordance with one California newspaper, "the girls do approximately all their procuring and vacationing on them."
But it used to be Norwegian immigrants within the Midwest, clinging to their place of birth traditions, who first equipped the skisport. in the course of the founding of neighborhood golf equipment and the nationwide Ski organization, this ethnic crew ruled American snowboarding until eventually the 1930s.
At this time, a wave of German immigrants infused the US with the ethos of what we this present day name Alpine snowboarding. this kind of snowboarding turned more and more renowned, specifically within the East between filthy rich collegians dedicated to the romantic pursuit of the "strenuous life." Ski golf equipment proliferated in cities and on university campuses and really good inns cropped up from New England to California. whilst, snowboarding turned mechanized with tows and lifts, and the blossoming gear and type industries made a company of the sport.
On the eve of global warfare II, because the e-book concludes its tale, all of the components have been in position for the explosion in leisure and aggressive snowboarding that erupted after 1945.
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Extra info for From skisport to skiing: one hundred years of an American sport, 1840-1940
Writers often used both spellings. 14 Two other terms described those who skied. Skidor and the much longerlasting ski runner. Skidor is the Swedish term for skier. The first American ski catalog, which doubled as an instruction booklet, was published by the Theo. Johnsen Company of Portland, Maine, in 1905. Whenever skier was intended, Skidor was used. "15 The term never caught on; historians agree that Swedish immigrants were assimilated easily into the American milieu and that may account for the short life of Skidor.
We also know the length of the race courses, time taken, and, therefore, the speed of the runners; Tommy Todd was clocked at over 87 mph. These elements are all the marks of a modern sport. But it was not modern; it was a period piece. When the gold in the valley streams ran out, men searched higher for instant wealth. By 1852 camps were established at snow line and above. Communities developed that lasted only as long as the gold and silver could be mined. It was necessary to move about at high altitudes in the deep snow.
American skiing owes much of its early equipment and technique, as well as the values people attached to it, to an immigrant foundation, so my research sent me to European archives and museums as well. For their help and hospitality, I should like to thank: Manfred Lämmer of the Institut für Sportgeschichte of the Deutsche Sporthochschule, Cologne, Germany; Ekkehart Ulmrich of the Deutsche Skimuseum, Planegg, Germany; Franz Klaus of the Zdarsky Archiv, Lilienfeld, and Hans Heidinger of the Wintersport- und Heimatmuseum, Mürzzuschlag, both in Austria; Max Triet of the Schweizer Sportmuseum, Basel, Switzerland; Elisabeth Hussey of the Ski Club of Great Britain, London, England; Karin Berg of the Holmenkollen Skimuseet, Oslo, Norway; Kenneth Åström of the Svenska Skidmuseet, Umeå, Sweden; Merja Heiskanen of the Hiihitomuseo, Lahti, and Pekka Honkanen of the Suomi Sportmuseo, Helsinki, both in Finland.