By Lance H. Gunderson, Craig Reece Allen, C. S. Holling
adaptive administration techniques to atmosphere and source management.
Read or Download Foundations of Ecological Resilience PDF
Similar environmental studies books
As a part of a world attempt to spot these components the place conservation measures are wanted so much urgently, international natural world Fund has assembled groups of scientists to behavior ecological tests of all seven continents. Freshwater Ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar is the newest contribution, proposing in one quantity the 1st in-depth research of the kingdom of freshwater biodiversity throughout Africa, Madagascar, and the islands of the zone.
A brand new, holistic transdisciplinary endeavour born within the twenty first century, Sustainability technological know-how: handling danger and Resilience for Sustainable improvement goals to supply conceptual and sensible methods to sustainable improvement that aid us to understand and handle uncertainty, complexity, ambiguity and dynamic switch.
Animal phylogeny is present process an incredible revolution end result of the availability of an exponentially expanding quantity of molecular information and the applying of novel equipment of phylogentic reconstruction, in addition to the numerous wonderful advances in palaeontology and molecular developmental biology. conventional perspectives of the relationships between significant phyla were shaken and new, usually unforeseen, relationships at the moment are being thought of.
Additional info for Foundations of Ecological Resilience
L. DeAngelis, J. B. Waide, and T. F. H. Allen. 1986. A hierarchical concept of ecosystems. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. , C. R. Allen, and C. S. Holling. 1998. Ecological resilience, biodiversity and scale. Ecosystems 1:6–18. Pimm, S. L. 1984. The complexity and stability of ecosystems. Nature 307:321–26. , S. Carpenter, J. A. Foley, C. Folke, and B. Walker. 2001. Catastrophic shifts in ecosystems. Nature 413:591–96. Sousa, W. , and J. H. Connell. 1985. Further comments on the evidence for multiple stable points in natural communities.
This insight, though not unique, was critical in developing resilience theory. It suggests that systems are characterized by having discrete structures and functions and processes at each time and space domain present (Holling 1992); that scale-speciﬁc interactions and positive feedbacks maintain scale-speciﬁc structures and functions; that changes between scales are discontinuous; that the number of scales present is ﬁnite and limited; and that when the resilience of a system is exceeded, reorganization rapidly occurs and the scale-speciﬁc structure and function present in the new system may be vastly different from the old.
2007). The model of Peterson et al. (1998) has been tested (Fischer et al. 2007, Fischer et al. 2008, Wardwell et al. 2008), and the quantiﬁcation of the distribution of function within and across scales has been forwarded as a method of assessing the relative resilience of ecosystems (Allen et al. 2005). Literature Cited Allen, C. , L. Gunderson, and A. R. Johnson. 2005. The use of discontinuities and functional groups to assess relative resilience in complex systems. Ecosystems 8:958–66. Allen, C.