By Errol E. Harris
Ebook by means of Harris, Errol E.
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Extra resources for Formal, Transcendental and Dialectical Thinking: Logic and Reality (S U N Y Series in Philosophy)
But if all values are thus relative, no standard of value has objective validity even within a particular society; for, apart from the fact that all cultures break up into subcultures, to which the same scientific considerations must apply, differences of temperament between persons are unbridgeable. So, even if psychological influences subject every individual to conditioning by social practices, there can be no external yardstick with which to measure conclusively even individual judgements. Much less could any standard be regarded as universally binding upon all mankind.
Hypothesis and Perception) my deep debt to Professor Blanshard and my broad agreement with his views. But in recent years I have been engaged in debate with him over at least one crucial matter germane to the argument of the present work (see Idealistic Studies, vols. IX, 2; X, 2; and XII, 3), and I hesitate to appeal to him as a supporter without reservations when I am unsure of his unqualified approval. " He says it aims at being "exact and formalized," and he uses throughout the techniques of the current symbolic logic.
Meanwhile, R. G. Collingwood has maintained that science, in every period of its history, rests upon a constellation of absolute presuppositions, which are neither empirically derived nor rationally supported and cannot properly be described as true. 8 They are simply presupposed absolutely, and they are peculiar to the historical period under scrutiny. Thus, from three different directions, criticism suggests that objectivist science itself is relative to a more fundamental subjective awareness, or to a closed social group, or to a historical period, or to all three together.